Effects of addition of tilapia Oreochromis niloticus and substrates for periphyton developments on pond ecology and production in C/N-controlled freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii farming systems

M. Asaduzzaman, M.A. Wahab, M.C.J. Verdegem, S. Benerjee, T. Akter, M.M. Hasan, M.E. Azim

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43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present research investigated the effect of addition of tilapia and substrates for periphyton development on pond ecology, production and economic performances in C/N controlled freshwater prawn farming system. The absence and presence (0 and 0.5 individual m- 2) of tilapia were investigated in 40 m2 ponds stocked with 3 prawn juveniles (individual weight 5 g) m- 2 with or without added substrates for periphyton development. A locally formulated and prepared feed containing 30% crude protein (C/N ratio10) was applied daily, initially at 10% of the prawn stocked biomass and was gradually reduced to 3% of prawn biomass. Tapioca starch was used as carbohydrate source for increasing the C/N ratio from 10 (as in feed) to 20 and was applied to the water column separately from the feed. Addition of periphyton substrates significantly reduced the inorganic N-species (NH3-N, NO2-N and NO3-N) in the water column. It decreased the abundance of plankton in the overlying water and increased the abundance of benthic macroinvertebrates. The abundance of periphytic algae and periphyton biomass (dry matter, ash free dry matter and chlorophyll a) were significantly higher in tilapia free ponds compared to tilapia added ponds. Both substrates and tilapia had significant effects on feed conversion ratio (FCR) of freshwater prawn: substrates decreased FCR by 14% while tilapia addition increased it by 16%. The addition of substrates did not influence prawn and tilapia size at harvest but improved the survival of prawn from 54 to 77%. Substrates contributed 44% and 19% higher net yield of prawn and tilapia, respectively whereas tilapia addition decreased the net yield of prawn by 14%. The economic analysis showed that addition of tilapia and periphyton substrates jointly improved the benefit¿cost ratio. Addition of tilapia and periphyton substrates in C/N controlled system benefited the freshwater prawn culture practices through (1) reducing toxic inorganic nitrogenous compounds in water (2) enhancing the utilization of natural foods (3) improving survival, production and economic benefit.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-380
JournalAquaculture
Volume287
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • earthen fish ponds
  • extensive aquaculture
  • artificial substrate
  • bacterial biofilm
  • stocking density
  • culture-systems
  • nile tilapia
  • quality
  • growth
  • phytoplankton

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