Effects of a water spraying system on lying and excreting behaviours of fattening pigs in heat stress

Hieu Nguyen Ba, A.J.A. Aarnink, I. Reimert

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstract

Abstract

In intensive pig husbandry systems, pigs normally rest or lie on the solid floor and excrete on the slatted floor. This division changes when pigs are in heat stress. In heat stress, pigs move to the relatively cooler slatted floor for lying and, hence, excrete on the solid floor. Fouling of the solid floor leads to decreased hygiene conditions and increased ammonia emission in the pen, which has negative consequences for pig health and welfare. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a water spraying system on the slatted floor could aid pigs in heat stress to cool down and as a consequence they keep their lying area on the solid floor and their excretion area on the slatted floor. Twelve groups of 12 pigs (initial BW: 63.6±6.3 kg) were housed in 12 pens in a typical Dutch pig housing system. Each pen had a concrete slatted floor at the front of the pen (3.25 m2), then a solid floor (5.5 m2) and a metal slatted floor at theback (3.75 m2). In half of the pens, treatment pens, water was sprayed from a system installed above the slatted floor at the back of the pen. The spraying system was turned on once per hour for 50 seconds from 8:30 to 19:30 on every day. Control pens had no spraying system. Feed and water were accessible ad libitum. Percentage of pigs lying and number of excretionsper pig per hour in the different areas of the pen were scored from video recordings on eight days in August 2015 (average inside temperature: 26.4±1.5 °C) by 15 min scan sampling and continuous observations, respectively. Behavioural observations of lying and excreting were analysed using restricted maximum likelihood. Pigs in the treatment pens lied on the metal slatted floor less than pigs in the control pens (18.0 vs 21.8% of total number of pigs, <0.001). However, treatment pigs excreted more on the solid floor than control pigs (1.1 vs 0.8 times per hour per pen, P<0.01). More specifically, in the treatment pens, pigs excreted significantly more on the solid floor during the 30 min after the spraying system was activated compared to the 30 min before (5.5 vs 4.0 times per ten min in all observed pens, P<0.05) which was notseen in control pens. These results show that the spraying system was effective in keeping pigs to lie on the solid floor in times of heat stress, but it was not effective in reducing the number of excretions on the solid floor. It was hypothesized that increased activity on the slatted floor during and directly after spraying caused pigs to move to the solid floor for excretion.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 50th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology 12-15th July, 2016, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Subtitle of host publication‘Standing on the shoulders of giants’
EditorsCathy Dwyer, Marie Haskell, Victoria Sandilands
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen Academic Publishers
Pages363-363
ISBN (Electronic)9789086868339
ISBN (Print)9789086862870
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event50th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology - Edinburg, United Kingdom
Duration: 12 Jul 201615 Jul 2016

Conference

Conference50th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityEdinburg
Period12/07/1615/07/16

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    Nguyen Ba, H., Aarnink, A. J. A., & Reimert, I. (2016). Effects of a water spraying system on lying and excreting behaviours of fattening pigs in heat stress. In C. Dwyer, M. Haskell, & V. Sandilands (Eds.), Proceedings of the 50th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology 12-15th July, 2016, Edinburgh, United Kingdom: ‘Standing on the shoulders of giants’ (pp. 363-363). Wageningen Academic Publishers. http://www.wageningenacademic.com/doi/pdf/10.3920/978-90-8686-833-9#page=364