Effects of a herbicide-insecticide mixture in freshwater microcosms: Risk assessment and ecological effect chain

P.J. van den Brink, S.J.H. Crum, R. Gylstra, F.F.J. Bransen, J.G.M. Cuppen, T.C.M. Brock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of chronic application of a mixture of the herbicide atrazine and the insecticide lindane were studied in indoor freshwater plankton-dominated microcosms. The macroinvertebrate community was seriously affected at all but the lowest treatment levels, the zooplankton community at the three highest treatment levels, with crustaceans, caddisflies and dipterans being the most sensitive groups. Increased abundance of the phytoplankton taxa Cyclotella sp. was found at the highest treatment level. Threshold levels for lindane, both at population and community level, corresponded well with those reported in the literature. Atrazine produced fewer effects than expected, probably due to decreased grazer stress on the algae as a result of the lindane application. The safety factors set by the Uniform Principles for individual compounds were also found to ensure protection against chronic exposure to a mixture of a herbicide and insecticide at community level, though not always at the population level. Effects of chronic application of a herbicide¿insecticide mixture were studied in indoor freshwater plankton-dominated microcosms. Effects could well be explained by the effects of the individual chemicals alone, no synergetic effects were reported.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-249
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume157
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • active ingredient chlorpyrifos
  • fungicide carbendazim
  • model-ecosystems
  • dursban(r) 4e
  • responses
  • community
  • lindane
  • periphyton
  • toxicity
  • atrazine

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