Effects-based integrated assessment modelling for the support of European air pollution abatement policies

J.P. Hettelingh, M. Posch, J. Slootweg, G.J. Reinds, W. de Vries, A. Le Gall, R. Maas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Critical load and exceedance based indicators for effects of air pollution are used to define and compare air pollution abatement scenarios, thus assisting in the framing of policies and strategies, of emission abatement options. In this chapter the effects-based support of European air pollution abatement policies since the early 1990s is described. The systematic use of computed as well as empirical critical loads and other impact assessment methodologies, such as dynamic modelling, are addressed. Computed impacts of policy alternatives that have been considered to alleviate acidification and eutrophication are compared, including the relative robustness of the magnitude and location of these impacts in Europe. It is concluded that policies have led to significant reductions in the acidification over the whole of Europe, such that expected impacts are currently minimal. With respect to eutrophication it is concluded that the excessive atmospheric deposition of nitrogen compounds will continue to have detrimental impacts on plant biodiversity and ecosystems, unless emissions of oxidized and reduced nitrogen are further reduced.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCritical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments: Nitrogen, Acidity and Metals in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems
EditorsW. de Vries, J.P. Hettelingh, M. Posch
Pages613-635
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Publication series

NameEnvironmental Pollution
PublisherSpringer
Number25

Fingerprint

atmospheric pollution
critical load
modeling
acidification
eutrophication
nitrogen compound
atmospheric deposition
biodiversity
methodology
policy
effect
pollution abatement
ecosystem
nitrogen
Europe

Cite this

Hettelingh, J. P., Posch, M., Slootweg, J., Reinds, G. J., de Vries, W., Le Gall, A., & Maas, R. (2015). Effects-based integrated assessment modelling for the support of European air pollution abatement policies. In W. de Vries, J. P. Hettelingh, & M. Posch (Eds.), Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments: Nitrogen, Acidity and Metals in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems (pp. 613-635). (Environmental Pollution; No. 25). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9508-1_25
Hettelingh, J.P. ; Posch, M. ; Slootweg, J. ; Reinds, G.J. ; de Vries, W. ; Le Gall, A. ; Maas, R. / Effects-based integrated assessment modelling for the support of European air pollution abatement policies. Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments: Nitrogen, Acidity and Metals in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems. editor / W. de Vries ; J.P. Hettelingh ; M. Posch. 2015. pp. 613-635 (Environmental Pollution; 25).
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Hettelingh, JP, Posch, M, Slootweg, J, Reinds, GJ, de Vries, W, Le Gall, A & Maas, R 2015, Effects-based integrated assessment modelling for the support of European air pollution abatement policies. in W de Vries, JP Hettelingh & M Posch (eds), Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments: Nitrogen, Acidity and Metals in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems. Environmental Pollution, no. 25, pp. 613-635. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9508-1_25

Effects-based integrated assessment modelling for the support of European air pollution abatement policies. / Hettelingh, J.P.; Posch, M.; Slootweg, J.; Reinds, G.J.; de Vries, W.; Le Gall, A.; Maas, R.

Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments: Nitrogen, Acidity and Metals in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems. ed. / W. de Vries; J.P. Hettelingh; M. Posch. 2015. p. 613-635 (Environmental Pollution; No. 25).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

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Hettelingh JP, Posch M, Slootweg J, Reinds GJ, de Vries W, Le Gall A et al. Effects-based integrated assessment modelling for the support of European air pollution abatement policies. In de Vries W, Hettelingh JP, Posch M, editors, Critical Loads and Dynamic Risk Assessments: Nitrogen, Acidity and Metals in Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems. 2015. p. 613-635. (Environmental Pollution; 25). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9508-1_25