Effect of viscosity on learned satiation

M. Mars, P.S. Hogenkamp, A.M. Gosses, A. Stafleu, C. de Graaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A higher viscosity of a food leads to a longer orosensory stimulation. This may facilitate the learned association between sensory signals and metabolic consequences. In the current study we investigated the effect of viscosity on learned satiation. In two intervention groups a low viscosity (LV) yogurt (n=24) and a high viscosity (HV) yogurt (n=22) was offered ad libitum for breakfast. In a learning period of 4 weeks, subjects consumed ad libitum a novel flavoured high energy density (HED) yogurt (150 kcal/100 g) or low energy density (LED) yogurt (50 kcal/100 g), with 10 exposures to each yogurt on alternate days. Over the repeated exposures, an interaction effect of exposure timeenergyviscosity on intake was seen (F(1,771)=4.12; p=0.04). In the HV intervention group a borderline significant interaction between exposure and energy density was observed (F(1,369)=3.61; p=0.06); after 10 exposures, the LED yogurt resulted in a 46+/-16 g higher intake compared with the HED yogurt. In the LV group, no significant interaction between exposure and energy density was seen (F(1,401)=1.04; p=0.31); after 10 exposures intake difference between the LED and HED yogurts was only 1.5+/-15 g. These results suggest that a higher viscosity facilitates learned satiation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-66
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Volume98
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Satiation
Yogurt
Viscosity
Breakfast
Learning
Food

Keywords

  • libitum food-intake
  • energy density
  • young-children
  • flavor cues
  • body-weight
  • humans
  • satiety
  • compensation
  • pleasantness
  • palatability

Cite this

Mars, M. ; Hogenkamp, P.S. ; Gosses, A.M. ; Stafleu, A. ; de Graaf, C. / Effect of viscosity on learned satiation. In: Physiology and Behavior. 2009 ; Vol. 98, No. 1-2. pp. 60-66.
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Effect of viscosity on learned satiation. / Mars, M.; Hogenkamp, P.S.; Gosses, A.M.; Stafleu, A.; de Graaf, C.

In: Physiology and Behavior, Vol. 98, No. 1-2, 2009, p. 60-66.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Effect of viscosity on learned satiation

AU - Mars, M.

AU - Hogenkamp, P.S.

AU - Gosses, A.M.

AU - Stafleu, A.

AU - de Graaf, C.

PY - 2009

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KW - energy density

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KW - satiety

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KW - pleasantness

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