Effect of tillage on earthworms over short- and medium-term in conventional and organic farming

S. Crittenden, T. Eswaramurthy, R.G.M. de Goede, L. Brussaard, M.M. Pulleman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Earthworms play an important role in many soil functions and are affected by soil tillage in agricultural soils. However, effects of tillage on earthworms are often studied without considering species and their interactions with soil properties. Furthermore, many field studies are based on one-time samplings that do not allow for characterisation of temporal variation. The current study monitored the short (up to 53 days) and medium term (up to 4 years) effects of soil tillage on earthworms in conventional and organic farming. Earthworm abundances decreased one and three weeks after mouldboard ploughing in both conventional and organic farming, suggesting direct and indirect mechanisms. However, the medium-term study revealed that earthworm populations in mouldboard ploughing systems recovered by spring. The endogeic species Aporrectodea caliginosa strongly dominated the earthworm community (76%), whereas anecic species remained
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-148
JournalApplied Soil Ecology
Volume83
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Organic Agriculture
Oligochaeta
organic farming
organic production
earthworms
earthworm
tillage
Soil
plowing
Aporrectodea caliginosa
agricultural soils
agricultural soil
temporal variation
effect
conventional farming
soil properties
soil property
soil
sampling
Population

Keywords

  • cropping systems
  • soil-structure
  • population-dynamics
  • communities
  • diversity
  • abundance
  • lumbricidae
  • landscapes
  • compaction
  • management

Cite this

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title = "Effect of tillage on earthworms over short- and medium-term in conventional and organic farming",
abstract = "Earthworms play an important role in many soil functions and are affected by soil tillage in agricultural soils. However, effects of tillage on earthworms are often studied without considering species and their interactions with soil properties. Furthermore, many field studies are based on one-time samplings that do not allow for characterisation of temporal variation. The current study monitored the short (up to 53 days) and medium term (up to 4 years) effects of soil tillage on earthworms in conventional and organic farming. Earthworm abundances decreased one and three weeks after mouldboard ploughing in both conventional and organic farming, suggesting direct and indirect mechanisms. However, the medium-term study revealed that earthworm populations in mouldboard ploughing systems recovered by spring. The endogeic species Aporrectodea caliginosa strongly dominated the earthworm community (76{\%}), whereas anecic species remained",
keywords = "cropping systems, soil-structure, population-dynamics, communities, diversity, abundance, lumbricidae, landscapes, compaction, management",
author = "S. Crittenden and T. Eswaramurthy and {de Goede}, R.G.M. and L. Brussaard and M.M. Pulleman",
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journal = "Applied Soil Ecology",
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Effect of tillage on earthworms over short- and medium-term in conventional and organic farming. / Crittenden, S.; Eswaramurthy, T.; de Goede, R.G.M.; Brussaard, L.; Pulleman, M.M.

In: Applied Soil Ecology, Vol. 83, 2014, p. 140-148.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of tillage on earthworms over short- and medium-term in conventional and organic farming

AU - Crittenden, S.

AU - Eswaramurthy, T.

AU - de Goede, R.G.M.

AU - Brussaard, L.

AU - Pulleman, M.M.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Earthworms play an important role in many soil functions and are affected by soil tillage in agricultural soils. However, effects of tillage on earthworms are often studied without considering species and their interactions with soil properties. Furthermore, many field studies are based on one-time samplings that do not allow for characterisation of temporal variation. The current study monitored the short (up to 53 days) and medium term (up to 4 years) effects of soil tillage on earthworms in conventional and organic farming. Earthworm abundances decreased one and three weeks after mouldboard ploughing in both conventional and organic farming, suggesting direct and indirect mechanisms. However, the medium-term study revealed that earthworm populations in mouldboard ploughing systems recovered by spring. The endogeic species Aporrectodea caliginosa strongly dominated the earthworm community (76%), whereas anecic species remained

AB - Earthworms play an important role in many soil functions and are affected by soil tillage in agricultural soils. However, effects of tillage on earthworms are often studied without considering species and their interactions with soil properties. Furthermore, many field studies are based on one-time samplings that do not allow for characterisation of temporal variation. The current study monitored the short (up to 53 days) and medium term (up to 4 years) effects of soil tillage on earthworms in conventional and organic farming. Earthworm abundances decreased one and three weeks after mouldboard ploughing in both conventional and organic farming, suggesting direct and indirect mechanisms. However, the medium-term study revealed that earthworm populations in mouldboard ploughing systems recovered by spring. The endogeic species Aporrectodea caliginosa strongly dominated the earthworm community (76%), whereas anecic species remained

KW - cropping systems

KW - soil-structure

KW - population-dynamics

KW - communities

KW - diversity

KW - abundance

KW - lumbricidae

KW - landscapes

KW - compaction

KW - management

U2 - 10.1016/j.apsoil.2014.03.001

DO - 10.1016/j.apsoil.2014.03.001

M3 - Article

VL - 83

SP - 140

EP - 148

JO - Applied Soil Ecology

JF - Applied Soil Ecology

SN - 0929-1393

ER -