Effect of storage conditions on physicochemical and microstructural properties of skim and whole milk powders

Arissara Phosanam, Jayani Chandrapala, Thom Huppertz, Benu Adhikari*, Bogdan Zisu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the effects of storage conditions on physicochemical and microstructural characteristics of whole milk powder (WMP) and low-, medium- and high-heat skim milk powder (SMP). Powders were stored at three temperatures (25 °C, 35 °C and 45 °C) and three humidity levels (11%, 44% and 85%) for 21 days. WMP exhibited lower equilibrium moisture content (EMC) than SMP at these storage conditions. SMP and WMP stored at 45 °C had lower EMC and monolayer moisture content than those stored at 25 °C and 35 °C. WMP had lower Tg, crystallinity and caking strength than SMP. At 85% RH, the particles became irregularly shaped, caused by lactose crystallization. Crystallization of lactose and caking of powders became prominent when Tg decreased below the storage temperature. Crystallization of lactose in these powders increased caking strength, Maillard reaction and surface free fat, particularly at high RH (85%) and high temperature (45 °C) conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)394-403
JournalPowder Technology
Volume372
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Caking
  • Crystallinity
  • Glass transition
  • Milk powders
  • Storage conditions
  • Surface-free fat

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