Effect of Pasteurization by Moderate Intensity Pulsed Electric Fields (PEF) Treatment Compared to Thermal Treatment on Quality Attributes of Fresh Orange Juice

Rian A.H. Timmermans*, Wibke S.U. Roland, Kees van Kekem, Ariette M. Matser, Martinus A.J.S. van Boekel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Novel pulsed electric field (PEF) process conditions at moderate electric field strength and long pulse duration have recently been established to obtain microbial inactivation. In this study, the effect of these PEF conditions (E = 0.9 and 2.7 kV/cm, with pulse duration 1000 µs) at variable maximum temperatures was evaluated on quality attributes of freshly squeezed orange juice. Results were compared to orange juice that received no treatment or a mild or severe thermal pasteurization treatment. No differences for pH and soluble solids were found after application of any treatment, and only small differences were observed for color and vitamin C content (ascorbic acid and dehydroascorbic acid) after processing, mainly for conditions applied at higher temperature. Variations in the maximum temperatures of the PEF and thermal processes led to differences in flavor compounds and the remaining activity of pectinmethylesterase (PME). At PEF conditions with a maximum temperature of 78 °C or higher, PME activity levels were below a critical value, meaning that the cloud is stable. At this temperature volatiles associated with fresh juice (such as octanal and nonanal) are statistically identical to untreated juice, while they are statistically distinguishable from thermal treated. This papers demonstrates the potential of using moderate intensity PEF as an adequate alternative to thermal pasteurization of orange juice with a better retention of the fresh flavor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3360
JournalFoods
Volume11
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • fresh fruit juice
  • GC-MS
  • HPLC
  • minimal processing
  • nonthermal processing
  • ohmic heating
  • pasteurization
  • pulsed electric fields

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