Effect of milk yield characteristics, breed, and parity on success of the first insemination in Dutch dairy cows

C. Inchaisri, H. Hogeveen, P.L.A.M. Vos, G.C. van der Weijden, R. Jorritsma

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The objective of this study was to determine the contribution of cow factors to the probability of a successful first insemination (SFI). The investigation was performed with 51,791 lactations from 1,396 herds obtained from the Dutch dairy cow database of the Cattle Improvement Co-operative (CRV). Cows that had the first insemination (AI) between 40 and 150 d postpartum were selected. The first AI was classified as successful when cows were not reinseminated and either calved between 267 and 295 d later or were culled within 135 to 295 d after first AI. The lactation curve characteristics of individual lactations were estimated by Wilmink's curve using the test-day milk records from CRV. The lactation curve characteristics (peak milk yield, milk yield at the first-AI date, time of peak yield (PT), and milk persistency) were calculated. Breed, parity, interval from calving to first AI (CFI), lactation curve characteristics, milk production traits, moment of AI related to PT (before or after PT), calf status, month of AI, and month of calving were selected as independent variables for a model with SFI as a dependent variable. A multivariable logistic regression model was used with farm as a random effect. Overall SFI was 44%. The effect of parity on SFI depended on CFI. The first-parity cows had the greatest SFI (0.43) compared with other parities (0.32–0.39) at the same period of CFI before 60 d in milk (DIM), and cows in parity =5 had the least SFI (0.38–0.40) when AI was after 60 DIM. After 60 DIM, extending CFI did not improve SFI in the first-parity cows, but SFI was improved in multiparous cows. Holstein-Friesian cows had lesser SFI (0.37) compared with cross-breed cows (0.39–0.46). Twin and stillbirth calving reduced SFI (0.39) compared with a single female calf (0.45) or a male calf (0.43) calving. The SFI in different months of AI varied and depended on CFI. Cows that received AI before 60 DIM had a lesser SFI, especially in March, June, and July (0.18, 0.35, and 0.34, respectively). Artificial insemination before PT reduced SFI (0.39) in comparison with AI after PT (0.44). The effect of milk yield at the first-AI date on SFI varied depending on CFI. After 60 DIM at the same period of CFI, a high level of milk yield at the first-AI date reduced SFI. In conclusion, knowledge of the contribution of cow factors on SFI can be applied to support decision making on the moment of insemination of an individual cow in estrus. Key words: milk production; lactation curve; first insemination; successful calving
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5179-5187
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • body condition score
  • reproductive-performance
  • conception rates
  • genetic-relationships
  • energy-balance
  • united-states
  • new-york
  • holstein
  • cattle
  • fertility


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