External and internal mass-transfer resistances influencing the bioavailability of sorbed naphthalene in a synthetic model matrix for soil aggregates were investigated in batch experiments in mixed reactors. Amberlite? adsorption resins (XAD4 and XAD7) were used as the synthetic model for soil aggregates. The effect of hydrodynamic conditions in the slurry phase on the diffusive transport across a stagnant film surrounding the model particles was studied. In addition, a mechanistic model was developed based on mass balances, diffusion equations, a nonlinear sorption isotherm, and microbial degradation kinetics. Experimental results could be explained well with this model. In the absence of external transfer limitations, intraparticle effective diffusion coefficients of (3.55 ± 0.10) x 10−9 m2/s and (5.29 ± 0.86) x 10−10 m2/s were determined for naphthalene in Amberlite XAD4 and XAD7, respectively.
Mulder, H., Breure, A. M., van Andel, J. G., Grotenhuis, J. T. C., & Rulkens, W. H. (2000). Effect of mass-transfer limitations on the bioavailability of sorbed naphtalene in synthetic model soil matrices. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 19, 2224-2234. https://doi.org/10.1002/etc.5620190912