Effect of Interfacial Permeability on Droplet Relaxation in Biopolymer-Based Water-in-Water Emulsions

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Abstract

In this paper, we show that for aqueous phase-separated biopolymer mixtures (water-in-water emulsions) both interfacial tension and permeability of the interface are important for the relaxation process of deformed droplets. We give an expression for the characteristic relaxation time that contains both contributions. With this description, the interfacial tension and the permeability can be deduced from cessation-of-flow experiments. The results show that for samples that are very close to the critical point the interfacial tension, calculated without taking into account the permeability, are overestimated significantly. For samples close to the critical point, the permeability has to be taken into account in the description for the relaxation time to get a reliable estimation of the interfacial tension. Our experiments show that for these systems the effective permeability is inversely proportional to the interfacial tension, eff 1/, and proportional to the square of the interfacial thickness, eff 2. We find that the permeability is related to an effective diffusion coefficient as Deff eff. From this relation, we find that the diffusion coefficient is equal to 0.9·10-9 m2/s, which is close to the self-diffusion coefficient of water; = 2.3·10-9 m2/s. This indicates that only water diffuses through the interface, and the diffusion coefficient is independent of the composition of the system for the concentration regime that is used
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-346
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • phase-separated gelatin/dextran
  • shear-flow
  • aqueous mixtures
  • immiscible polymers
  • retraction method
  • na-caseinate
  • tension
  • deformation
  • blends
  • diffusion

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