Effect of home-refrigerator storage temperature on tomato quality

B. Farneti, W. Zhang, I.M. Witkowska, E.J. Woltering

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Postharvest storage, handling and distribution of fruit at low temperatures is the most common and manageable approach to control ripening and subsequent deterioration and to maximize product shelf-life. However, tomatoes, as many other subtropical fruits, are susceptible to develop symptoms of chilling injury, a physiological disorder caused by the exposure to low temperature above the freezing point. Development of chilling injury depends on temperature, time, ripening stage and tomato type/cultivar. We studied the effect of home-refrigerator storage temperature on the quality of two types of tomato: cocktail tomato (cultivars ‘Amoroso’ and ‘Brioso’) and truss tomato (cultivars ‘Capricia’ and ‘Roterno’). Fully ripe tomatoes were stored for 10 days at two temperatures: 4°C as simulation of home-refrigerator storage and 15°C as an optimal storage temperature. We evaluated several quality parameters: weight loss, firmness, soluble solid content, titratable acidity, carbohydrates, titratable acidity and citrate content. Although we did not observe any apparent symptom of chilling injury, we found that 4°C temperature stimulates firmness decay in both cocktail tomato cultivars, increasing fruit susceptibility to mechanical injury. Moreover, already after 5 days of 4°C storage, tomatoes generally showed decreased sugar and increased acid content (especially in cocktail tomatoes) compared to 15°C stored fruit, indicating a loss of sensoric quality at 4°C.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1191-1196
JournalActa Horticulturae
Volume877
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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