Effect of challenge dose of plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum β-lactamase and AmpC β-lactamase producing Escherichia coli on time-until-colonization and level of excretion in young broilers

Anita Dame-Korevaar*, Egil A.J. Fischer, Jeanet van der Goot, Francisca Velkers, Jan van den Broek, Kees Veldman, Daniela Ceccarelli, Dik Mevius, Arjan Stegeman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum β-lactamase and AmpC β-lactamase (ESBL/pAmpC) producing bacteria are present at all levels of the broiler production pyramid. Young birds can be found positive for ESBL/pAmpC-producing Escherichia coli shortly after arrival at farm. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different challenge doses of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli on time-until-colonization and the level of excretion in young broilers. One-day-old broilers (specific-pathogen free (SPF) and conventional Ross 308) were housed in isolators and challenged with 0.5 ml ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli strains of varying doses (101–105 CFU/ml). Presence and concentration (CFU/gram feces) of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli and total E. coli were determined longitudinally from cloacal swabs, and in cecal content 72 h after challenge. Higher challenge doses resulted in shorter time-until-colonization. However, even the lowest dose (101 CFU/ml) resulted in colonization of the broilers which excreted >106 CFU/gram feces 72 h after inoculation. Conventional broilers were colonized later than SPF broilers, although within 72 h after challenge all broilers were excreting ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli. A probabilistic model was used to estimate the probability of colonization by initial inoculation or transmission. The higher the dose the higher the probability of excreting ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli as a result of inoculation. In conclusion, low initial doses of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli can result in rapid colonization of a flock. Interventions should thus be aimed to eliminate ESBL/pAmpC-producing bacteria in the environment of the hatchlings and measures focusing at reducing colonization and transmission of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli should be applied shortly after hatching.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108446
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume239
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

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plasmids
Plasmids
excretion
broiler chickens
Escherichia coli
dosage
Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms
Feces
feces
Bacteria
probabilistic models
pathogens
poultry production
bacteria
Statistical Models
Birds
flocks
hatching
farms
birds

Keywords

  • Animal model
  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Dose-response
  • Inoculation
  • Poultry
  • Transmission

Cite this

Dame-Korevaar, Anita ; Fischer, Egil A.J. ; van der Goot, Jeanet ; Velkers, Francisca ; van den Broek, Jan ; Veldman, Kees ; Ceccarelli, Daniela ; Mevius, Dik ; Stegeman, Arjan. / Effect of challenge dose of plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum β-lactamase and AmpC β-lactamase producing Escherichia coli on time-until-colonization and level of excretion in young broilers. In: Veterinary Microbiology. 2019 ; Vol. 239.
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title = "Effect of challenge dose of plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum β-lactamase and AmpC β-lactamase producing Escherichia coli on time-until-colonization and level of excretion in young broilers",
abstract = "Plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum β-lactamase and AmpC β-lactamase (ESBL/pAmpC) producing bacteria are present at all levels of the broiler production pyramid. Young birds can be found positive for ESBL/pAmpC-producing Escherichia coli shortly after arrival at farm. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different challenge doses of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli on time-until-colonization and the level of excretion in young broilers. One-day-old broilers (specific-pathogen free (SPF) and conventional Ross 308) were housed in isolators and challenged with 0.5 ml ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli strains of varying doses (101–105 CFU/ml). Presence and concentration (CFU/gram feces) of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli and total E. coli were determined longitudinally from cloacal swabs, and in cecal content 72 h after challenge. Higher challenge doses resulted in shorter time-until-colonization. However, even the lowest dose (101 CFU/ml) resulted in colonization of the broilers which excreted >106 CFU/gram feces 72 h after inoculation. Conventional broilers were colonized later than SPF broilers, although within 72 h after challenge all broilers were excreting ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli. A probabilistic model was used to estimate the probability of colonization by initial inoculation or transmission. The higher the dose the higher the probability of excreting ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli as a result of inoculation. In conclusion, low initial doses of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli can result in rapid colonization of a flock. Interventions should thus be aimed to eliminate ESBL/pAmpC-producing bacteria in the environment of the hatchlings and measures focusing at reducing colonization and transmission of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli should be applied shortly after hatching.",
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author = "Anita Dame-Korevaar and Fischer, {Egil A.J.} and {van der Goot}, Jeanet and Francisca Velkers and {van den Broek}, Jan and Kees Veldman and Daniela Ceccarelli and Dik Mevius and Arjan Stegeman",
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Effect of challenge dose of plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum β-lactamase and AmpC β-lactamase producing Escherichia coli on time-until-colonization and level of excretion in young broilers. / Dame-Korevaar, Anita; Fischer, Egil A.J.; van der Goot, Jeanet; Velkers, Francisca; van den Broek, Jan; Veldman, Kees; Ceccarelli, Daniela; Mevius, Dik; Stegeman, Arjan.

In: Veterinary Microbiology, Vol. 239, 108446, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of challenge dose of plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum β-lactamase and AmpC β-lactamase producing Escherichia coli on time-until-colonization and level of excretion in young broilers

AU - Dame-Korevaar, Anita

AU - Fischer, Egil A.J.

AU - van der Goot, Jeanet

AU - Velkers, Francisca

AU - van den Broek, Jan

AU - Veldman, Kees

AU - Ceccarelli, Daniela

AU - Mevius, Dik

AU - Stegeman, Arjan

PY - 2019/12/1

Y1 - 2019/12/1

N2 - Plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum β-lactamase and AmpC β-lactamase (ESBL/pAmpC) producing bacteria are present at all levels of the broiler production pyramid. Young birds can be found positive for ESBL/pAmpC-producing Escherichia coli shortly after arrival at farm. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different challenge doses of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli on time-until-colonization and the level of excretion in young broilers. One-day-old broilers (specific-pathogen free (SPF) and conventional Ross 308) were housed in isolators and challenged with 0.5 ml ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli strains of varying doses (101–105 CFU/ml). Presence and concentration (CFU/gram feces) of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli and total E. coli were determined longitudinally from cloacal swabs, and in cecal content 72 h after challenge. Higher challenge doses resulted in shorter time-until-colonization. However, even the lowest dose (101 CFU/ml) resulted in colonization of the broilers which excreted >106 CFU/gram feces 72 h after inoculation. Conventional broilers were colonized later than SPF broilers, although within 72 h after challenge all broilers were excreting ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli. A probabilistic model was used to estimate the probability of colonization by initial inoculation or transmission. The higher the dose the higher the probability of excreting ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli as a result of inoculation. In conclusion, low initial doses of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli can result in rapid colonization of a flock. Interventions should thus be aimed to eliminate ESBL/pAmpC-producing bacteria in the environment of the hatchlings and measures focusing at reducing colonization and transmission of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli should be applied shortly after hatching.

AB - Plasmid-mediated extended-spectrum β-lactamase and AmpC β-lactamase (ESBL/pAmpC) producing bacteria are present at all levels of the broiler production pyramid. Young birds can be found positive for ESBL/pAmpC-producing Escherichia coli shortly after arrival at farm. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of different challenge doses of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli on time-until-colonization and the level of excretion in young broilers. One-day-old broilers (specific-pathogen free (SPF) and conventional Ross 308) were housed in isolators and challenged with 0.5 ml ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli strains of varying doses (101–105 CFU/ml). Presence and concentration (CFU/gram feces) of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli and total E. coli were determined longitudinally from cloacal swabs, and in cecal content 72 h after challenge. Higher challenge doses resulted in shorter time-until-colonization. However, even the lowest dose (101 CFU/ml) resulted in colonization of the broilers which excreted >106 CFU/gram feces 72 h after inoculation. Conventional broilers were colonized later than SPF broilers, although within 72 h after challenge all broilers were excreting ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli. A probabilistic model was used to estimate the probability of colonization by initial inoculation or transmission. The higher the dose the higher the probability of excreting ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli as a result of inoculation. In conclusion, low initial doses of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli can result in rapid colonization of a flock. Interventions should thus be aimed to eliminate ESBL/pAmpC-producing bacteria in the environment of the hatchlings and measures focusing at reducing colonization and transmission of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli should be applied shortly after hatching.

KW - Animal model

KW - Antibiotic resistance

KW - Dose-response

KW - Inoculation

KW - Poultry

KW - Transmission

U2 - 10.1016/j.vetmic.2019.108446

DO - 10.1016/j.vetmic.2019.108446

M3 - Article

VL - 239

JO - Veterinary Microbiology

JF - Veterinary Microbiology

SN - 0378-1135

M1 - 108446

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