Effect of a low‐methane diet on performance and microbiome in lactating dairy cows accounting for individual pre‐trial methane emissions

Juana C. Chagas*, Mohammad Ramin, Ruth Gomez Exposito, Hauke Smidt, Sophie J. Krizsan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the effects of partly replacing grass silage (GS) with maize silage (MS), with or without rapeseed oil (RSO) supplementation, on methane (CH4) emissions, production performance, and rumen microbiome in the diets of lactating dairy cows. The effect of individual pre‐trial CH4‐emitting characteristics on dietary emissions mitigation was also examined. Twenty Nordic Red cows at 71 ± 37.2 (mean ± SD) days in milk were assigned to a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design with four dietary treatments (GS, GS supplemented with RSO, GS plus MS, GS plus MS supplemented with RSO) applied in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Partial replacement of GS with MS decreased the intake of dry matter (DM) and nutrients, milk production, yield of milk components, and general nutrient digestibility. Supplementation with RSO decreased the intake of DM and nutrients, energy‐corrected milk yield, composition and yield of milk fat and protein, and general digestibility of nutrients, except for crude protein. Individual cow pre‐trial measurements of CH4‐emitting characteristics had a significant influence on gas emissions but did not alter the magnitude of CH4 emissions. Dietary RSO decreased daily CH4, yield, and intensity. It also increased the relative abundance of rumen Methanosphaera and Succinivibrionaceae and decreased that of Bifidobacteriaceae. There were no effects of dietary MS on CH4 emissions in this study, but supplementation with 41 g RSO/kg of DM reduced daily CH4 emissions from lactating dairy cows by 22.5%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2597
JournalAnimals
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Sept 2021

Keywords

  • Dairy cow
  • Enteric methane
  • Feed efficiency
  • Grass silage
  • Maize silage
  • Rapeseed oil
  • Ru-men microbiome
  • PRJEB43834
  • ERP127804

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