Education for Sustainable Development: Research overview

A.E.J. Wals, G. Kieft

Research output: Book/ReportReportAcademic


This discussion paper outlines some of the main characteristics of Education for Sustainable Development (ESD), particularly in the context of ‘development’ and ‘globalization’. It addresses the various interpretations and meanings of ESD, shows how these relate to environmental education and emerging educations that overlap with SD-issues and introduces sustainability competence as a key outcome of ESD. The paper also outlines some regional trends that affect the way ESD manifests itself in the various countries and regions around the world. Some key developments affecting ESD are introduced, including globalization, the rise of the information and knowledge society, the utilization of diversity and the need for the inclusion of marginalized groups and perspectives.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationStockholm
Number of pages54
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Publication series

NameSida review / Swedisch International Development Cooperatioen Agency


  • education
  • development
  • sustainability
  • nature and environmental education

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    Wals, A. E. J., & Kieft, G. (2010). Education for Sustainable Development: Research overview. (Sida review / Swedisch International Development Cooperatioen Agency; No. 2010:13). Stockholm: Sida.