Ectomycorrhizal root development in wet Alder carr forests in response to desiccation and eutrophication

J. Baar, T. Bastiaans, M.A. Coevering van de, J.G.M. Roelofs

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Effects of desiccation and eutrophication on ectomycorrhizal (ECM) root development in wet Alder carr forests in The Netherlands were studied. In northwestern Europe, wet Alder carr forests are found mostly in peatlands and along streams, forming an important component of wetland ecosystems. The dominant tree species in wet Alder carr forests is Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. (Black alder), which associates with ectomycorrhizal fungi. During recent decades, wet Alder carr forests in Europe have declined because of desiccation and eutrophication, particularly in The Netherlands. In the present study, the number of root tips of A. glutinosa trees was highest in an undisturbed wet Alder carr forest in a peatland area. Eutrophication in the peatland area significantly inhibited ectomycorrhizal (ECM) root development of A. glutinosa. In the eutrophied forest, ECM root tips were observed only close to A. glutinosa trees growing on hummocks. The concentrations of nitrate and potassium in soil water of the eutrophied forest were significantly higher than in the undisturbed forest, while magnesium and iron concentrations and the pH were significantly lower. The number of ECM root tips of A. glutinosa in a desiccated forest along a stream was generally lower than in an undisturbed wet Alder carr forest on waterlogged soil in the same area. The sulphate concentration in soil water in the desiccated forest was significantly higher than in the forest on waterlogged soil. ECM root development of A. glutinosa may have been negatively affected by the chemical composition of the soil water
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)147-151
    JournalMycorrhiza
    Volume12
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Fingerprint

    Alnus
    Eutrophication
    Desiccation
    desiccation
    eutrophication
    Alnus glutinosa
    Soil
    Meristem
    peatlands
    peatland
    root tips
    soil water
    Netherlands
    Forests
    Water
    Ilex
    Wetlands
    Magnesium
    Sulfates
    Ecosystem

    Keywords

    • alnus
    • sulfate
    • specificity
    • ecosystems
    • symbioses
    • growth
    • fungi
    • lake

    Cite this

    Baar, J. ; Bastiaans, T. ; Coevering van de, M.A. ; Roelofs, J.G.M. / Ectomycorrhizal root development in wet Alder carr forests in response to desiccation and eutrophication. In: Mycorrhiza. 2002 ; Vol. 12, No. 3. pp. 147-151.
    @article{6f759f0f7a19445da695aaf0fe404097,
    title = "Ectomycorrhizal root development in wet Alder carr forests in response to desiccation and eutrophication",
    abstract = "Effects of desiccation and eutrophication on ectomycorrhizal (ECM) root development in wet Alder carr forests in The Netherlands were studied. In northwestern Europe, wet Alder carr forests are found mostly in peatlands and along streams, forming an important component of wetland ecosystems. The dominant tree species in wet Alder carr forests is Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. (Black alder), which associates with ectomycorrhizal fungi. During recent decades, wet Alder carr forests in Europe have declined because of desiccation and eutrophication, particularly in The Netherlands. In the present study, the number of root tips of A. glutinosa trees was highest in an undisturbed wet Alder carr forest in a peatland area. Eutrophication in the peatland area significantly inhibited ectomycorrhizal (ECM) root development of A. glutinosa. In the eutrophied forest, ECM root tips were observed only close to A. glutinosa trees growing on hummocks. The concentrations of nitrate and potassium in soil water of the eutrophied forest were significantly higher than in the undisturbed forest, while magnesium and iron concentrations and the pH were significantly lower. The number of ECM root tips of A. glutinosa in a desiccated forest along a stream was generally lower than in an undisturbed wet Alder carr forest on waterlogged soil in the same area. The sulphate concentration in soil water in the desiccated forest was significantly higher than in the forest on waterlogged soil. ECM root development of A. glutinosa may have been negatively affected by the chemical composition of the soil water",
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    author = "J. Baar and T. Bastiaans and {Coevering van de}, M.A. and J.G.M. Roelofs",
    year = "2002",
    doi = "10.1007/s00572-002-0158-9",
    language = "English",
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    pages = "147--151",
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    Ectomycorrhizal root development in wet Alder carr forests in response to desiccation and eutrophication. / Baar, J.; Bastiaans, T.; Coevering van de, M.A.; Roelofs, J.G.M.

    In: Mycorrhiza, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2002, p. 147-151.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Ectomycorrhizal root development in wet Alder carr forests in response to desiccation and eutrophication

    AU - Baar, J.

    AU - Bastiaans, T.

    AU - Coevering van de, M.A.

    AU - Roelofs, J.G.M.

    PY - 2002

    Y1 - 2002

    N2 - Effects of desiccation and eutrophication on ectomycorrhizal (ECM) root development in wet Alder carr forests in The Netherlands were studied. In northwestern Europe, wet Alder carr forests are found mostly in peatlands and along streams, forming an important component of wetland ecosystems. The dominant tree species in wet Alder carr forests is Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. (Black alder), which associates with ectomycorrhizal fungi. During recent decades, wet Alder carr forests in Europe have declined because of desiccation and eutrophication, particularly in The Netherlands. In the present study, the number of root tips of A. glutinosa trees was highest in an undisturbed wet Alder carr forest in a peatland area. Eutrophication in the peatland area significantly inhibited ectomycorrhizal (ECM) root development of A. glutinosa. In the eutrophied forest, ECM root tips were observed only close to A. glutinosa trees growing on hummocks. The concentrations of nitrate and potassium in soil water of the eutrophied forest were significantly higher than in the undisturbed forest, while magnesium and iron concentrations and the pH were significantly lower. The number of ECM root tips of A. glutinosa in a desiccated forest along a stream was generally lower than in an undisturbed wet Alder carr forest on waterlogged soil in the same area. The sulphate concentration in soil water in the desiccated forest was significantly higher than in the forest on waterlogged soil. ECM root development of A. glutinosa may have been negatively affected by the chemical composition of the soil water

    AB - Effects of desiccation and eutrophication on ectomycorrhizal (ECM) root development in wet Alder carr forests in The Netherlands were studied. In northwestern Europe, wet Alder carr forests are found mostly in peatlands and along streams, forming an important component of wetland ecosystems. The dominant tree species in wet Alder carr forests is Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. (Black alder), which associates with ectomycorrhizal fungi. During recent decades, wet Alder carr forests in Europe have declined because of desiccation and eutrophication, particularly in The Netherlands. In the present study, the number of root tips of A. glutinosa trees was highest in an undisturbed wet Alder carr forest in a peatland area. Eutrophication in the peatland area significantly inhibited ectomycorrhizal (ECM) root development of A. glutinosa. In the eutrophied forest, ECM root tips were observed only close to A. glutinosa trees growing on hummocks. The concentrations of nitrate and potassium in soil water of the eutrophied forest were significantly higher than in the undisturbed forest, while magnesium and iron concentrations and the pH were significantly lower. The number of ECM root tips of A. glutinosa in a desiccated forest along a stream was generally lower than in an undisturbed wet Alder carr forest on waterlogged soil in the same area. The sulphate concentration in soil water in the desiccated forest was significantly higher than in the forest on waterlogged soil. ECM root development of A. glutinosa may have been negatively affected by the chemical composition of the soil water

    KW - alnus

    KW - sulfate

    KW - specificity

    KW - ecosystems

    KW - symbioses

    KW - growth

    KW - fungi

    KW - lake

    U2 - 10.1007/s00572-002-0158-9

    DO - 10.1007/s00572-002-0158-9

    M3 - Article

    VL - 12

    SP - 147

    EP - 151

    JO - Mycorrhiza

    JF - Mycorrhiza

    SN - 0940-6360

    IS - 3

    ER -