Ecotoxicological benthic impacts of experimental oil-contaminated marine snow deposition

Justine S. van Eenennaam, Melissa Rohal, Paul A. Montagna, Jagoš R. Radović, Thomas B.P. Oldenburg, Isabel C. Romero, Albertinka J. Murk, Edwin M. Foekema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Marine Oil Snow Sedimentation and Flocculent Accumulation (MOSSFA) can pose serious threats to the marine benthic ecosystem as it results in a deposition of oil contaminated marine snow on the sediment surface. In a microcosm experiment we investigated the effects of oil in combination with artificial marine snow or kaolin clay on two benthic invertebrate species and benthic meiofauna. The amphipod showed a dose-dependent decrease in survival for both oil-contaminated clay and oil-contaminated marine snow. The gastropod was only affected by the highest concentration of oil-contaminated marine snow and had internal concentrations of PAHs with a similar distribution as oil-contaminated marine snow. Benthic copepods showed higher survival in presence
of marine snow. This study revealed that marine snow on the sediment after oil spills affects organisms in a trait-dependent way and that it can be a vector for introducing oil into the food web.
LanguageEnglish
Pages164-175
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume141
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

marine snow
Snow
snow
oils
oil
Sediments
Clay
clay
sediments
Aquatic ecosystems
kaolin
meiofauna
Oils
Kaolin
oil spills
Oil spills
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
oil spill
Sedimentation
amphipod

Keywords

  • MOSSFA
  • Marine snow
  • benthic invertebrates
  • meiofauna
  • oil toxicity
  • Bioavailability

Cite this

van Eenennaam, J. S., Rohal, M., Montagna, P. A., Radović, J. R., Oldenburg, T. B. P., Romero, I. C., ... Foekema, E. M. (2019). Ecotoxicological benthic impacts of experimental oil-contaminated marine snow deposition. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 141, 164-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.02.025
van Eenennaam, Justine S. ; Rohal, Melissa ; Montagna, Paul A. ; Radović, Jagoš R. ; Oldenburg, Thomas B.P. ; Romero, Isabel C. ; Murk, Albertinka J. ; Foekema, Edwin M. / Ecotoxicological benthic impacts of experimental oil-contaminated marine snow deposition. In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2019 ; Vol. 141. pp. 164-175.
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Ecotoxicological benthic impacts of experimental oil-contaminated marine snow deposition. / van Eenennaam, Justine S.; Rohal, Melissa; Montagna, Paul A.; Radović, Jagoš R.; Oldenburg, Thomas B.P.; Romero, Isabel C.; Murk, Albertinka J.; Foekema, Edwin M.

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 141, 01.04.2019, p. 164-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AB - Marine Oil Snow Sedimentation and Flocculent Accumulation (MOSSFA) can pose serious threats to the marine benthic ecosystem as it results in a deposition of oil contaminated marine snow on the sediment surface. In a microcosm experiment we investigated the effects of oil in combination with artificial marine snow or kaolin clay on two benthic invertebrate species and benthic meiofauna. The amphipod showed a dose-dependent decrease in survival for both oil-contaminated clay and oil-contaminated marine snow. The gastropod was only affected by the highest concentration of oil-contaminated marine snow and had internal concentrations of PAHs with a similar distribution as oil-contaminated marine snow. Benthic copepods showed higher survival in presenceof marine snow. This study revealed that marine snow on the sediment after oil spills affects organisms in a trait-dependent way and that it can be a vector for introducing oil into the food web.

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van Eenennaam JS, Rohal M, Montagna PA, Radović JR, Oldenburg TBP, Romero IC et al. Ecotoxicological benthic impacts of experimental oil-contaminated marine snow deposition. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2019 Apr 1;141:164-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.02.025