Ecosystem responses to reduced and oxidised nitrogen inputs in European terrestrial habitats

C.J. Stevens, P. Manning, L.J.L. van den Berg, M.C.C. de Graaf, G.W.W. Wamelink, A.W. Boxman, A. Bleeker, P. Vergeer, M. Arroniz-Crespo, J. Limpens, L.P.M. Lamers, R. Bobbink, E. Dorland

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While it is well established that ecosystems display strong responses to elevated nitrogen deposition, the importance of the ratio between the dominant forms of deposited nitrogen (NHx and NOy) in determining ecosystem response is poorly understood. As large changes in the ratio of oxidised and reduced nitrogen inputs are occurring, this oversight requires attention. One reason for this knowledge gap is that plants experience a different NHx:NOy ratio in soil to that seen in atmospheric deposits because atmospheric inputs are modified by soil transformations, mediated by soil pH. Consequently species of neutral and alkaline habitats are less likely to encounter high NH4+ concentrations than species from acid soils. We suggest that the response of vascular plant species to changing ratios of NHx:NOy deposits will be driven primarily by a combination of soil pH and nitrification rates. Testing this hypothesis requires a combination of experimental and survey work in a range of systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)665-676
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume159
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Ecosystems
Ecosystem
Nitrogen
Soil
Soils
Deposits
Nitrification
Blood Vessels
Acids
Testing

Keywords

  • spruce picea-abies
  • soil solution chemistry
  • pinus-sylvestris l
  • atmospheric ammonia
  • throughfall deposition
  • nitrate reduction
  • acidic grasslands
  • intracellular ph
  • species richness
  • vascular plants

Cite this

Stevens, C. J., Manning, P., van den Berg, L. J. L., de Graaf, M. C. C., Wamelink, G. W. W., Boxman, A. W., ... Dorland, E. (2011). Ecosystem responses to reduced and oxidised nitrogen inputs in European terrestrial habitats. Environmental Pollution, 159(3), 665-676. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2010.12.008
Stevens, C.J. ; Manning, P. ; van den Berg, L.J.L. ; de Graaf, M.C.C. ; Wamelink, G.W.W. ; Boxman, A.W. ; Bleeker, A. ; Vergeer, P. ; Arroniz-Crespo, M. ; Limpens, J. ; Lamers, L.P.M. ; Bobbink, R. ; Dorland, E. / Ecosystem responses to reduced and oxidised nitrogen inputs in European terrestrial habitats. In: Environmental Pollution. 2011 ; Vol. 159, No. 3. pp. 665-676.
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abstract = "While it is well established that ecosystems display strong responses to elevated nitrogen deposition, the importance of the ratio between the dominant forms of deposited nitrogen (NHx and NOy) in determining ecosystem response is poorly understood. As large changes in the ratio of oxidised and reduced nitrogen inputs are occurring, this oversight requires attention. One reason for this knowledge gap is that plants experience a different NHx:NOy ratio in soil to that seen in atmospheric deposits because atmospheric inputs are modified by soil transformations, mediated by soil pH. Consequently species of neutral and alkaline habitats are less likely to encounter high NH4+ concentrations than species from acid soils. We suggest that the response of vascular plant species to changing ratios of NHx:NOy deposits will be driven primarily by a combination of soil pH and nitrification rates. Testing this hypothesis requires a combination of experimental and survey work in a range of systems.",
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Stevens, CJ, Manning, P, van den Berg, LJL, de Graaf, MCC, Wamelink, GWW, Boxman, AW, Bleeker, A, Vergeer, P, Arroniz-Crespo, M, Limpens, J, Lamers, LPM, Bobbink, R & Dorland, E 2011, 'Ecosystem responses to reduced and oxidised nitrogen inputs in European terrestrial habitats', Environmental Pollution, vol. 159, no. 3, pp. 665-676. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2010.12.008

Ecosystem responses to reduced and oxidised nitrogen inputs in European terrestrial habitats. / Stevens, C.J.; Manning, P.; van den Berg, L.J.L.; de Graaf, M.C.C.; Wamelink, G.W.W.; Boxman, A.W.; Bleeker, A.; Vergeer, P.; Arroniz-Crespo, M.; Limpens, J.; Lamers, L.P.M.; Bobbink, R.; Dorland, E.

In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 159, No. 3, 2011, p. 665-676.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ecosystem responses to reduced and oxidised nitrogen inputs in European terrestrial habitats

AU - Stevens, C.J.

AU - Manning, P.

AU - van den Berg, L.J.L.

AU - de Graaf, M.C.C.

AU - Wamelink, G.W.W.

AU - Boxman, A.W.

AU - Bleeker, A.

AU - Vergeer, P.

AU - Arroniz-Crespo, M.

AU - Limpens, J.

AU - Lamers, L.P.M.

AU - Bobbink, R.

AU - Dorland, E.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - While it is well established that ecosystems display strong responses to elevated nitrogen deposition, the importance of the ratio between the dominant forms of deposited nitrogen (NHx and NOy) in determining ecosystem response is poorly understood. As large changes in the ratio of oxidised and reduced nitrogen inputs are occurring, this oversight requires attention. One reason for this knowledge gap is that plants experience a different NHx:NOy ratio in soil to that seen in atmospheric deposits because atmospheric inputs are modified by soil transformations, mediated by soil pH. Consequently species of neutral and alkaline habitats are less likely to encounter high NH4+ concentrations than species from acid soils. We suggest that the response of vascular plant species to changing ratios of NHx:NOy deposits will be driven primarily by a combination of soil pH and nitrification rates. Testing this hypothesis requires a combination of experimental and survey work in a range of systems.

AB - While it is well established that ecosystems display strong responses to elevated nitrogen deposition, the importance of the ratio between the dominant forms of deposited nitrogen (NHx and NOy) in determining ecosystem response is poorly understood. As large changes in the ratio of oxidised and reduced nitrogen inputs are occurring, this oversight requires attention. One reason for this knowledge gap is that plants experience a different NHx:NOy ratio in soil to that seen in atmospheric deposits because atmospheric inputs are modified by soil transformations, mediated by soil pH. Consequently species of neutral and alkaline habitats are less likely to encounter high NH4+ concentrations than species from acid soils. We suggest that the response of vascular plant species to changing ratios of NHx:NOy deposits will be driven primarily by a combination of soil pH and nitrification rates. Testing this hypothesis requires a combination of experimental and survey work in a range of systems.

KW - spruce picea-abies

KW - soil solution chemistry

KW - pinus-sylvestris l

KW - atmospheric ammonia

KW - throughfall deposition

KW - nitrate reduction

KW - acidic grasslands

KW - intracellular ph

KW - species richness

KW - vascular plants

U2 - 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.12.008

DO - 10.1016/j.envpol.2010.12.008

M3 - Review article

VL - 159

SP - 665

EP - 676

JO - Environmental Pollution

JF - Environmental Pollution

SN - 0269-7491

IS - 3

ER -