Economic modelling of grazing management against gastrointestinal nematodes in dairy cattle

M. van der Voort, J. Van Meensel, L. Lauwers, M.H.A. de Haan, A.G. Evers, G. Van Huylenbroeck, J. Charlier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Grazing management (GM) interventions, such as reducing the grazing time or mowing pasture before grazing, have been proposed to limit the exposure to gastrointestinal (GI) nematode infections in grazed livestock. However, the farm-level economic effects of these interventions have not yet been assessed so far. In this paper, the economic effects of three GM interventions in adult dairy cattle were modelled for a set of Flemish farms for which data were available: later turnout on pasture (GM1), earlier housing near the end of the grazing season (GM2), and reducing the daily grazing time (GM3). Farm accountancy data were linked to Ostertagia ostertagi bulk tank milk ELISA results and GM data for 137 farms. The economic effects of the GM interventions were investigated through a combination of efficiency analysis and a whole-farm simulation model. Modelling of GM1, GM2 and GM3 resulted in a marginal economic effect [5th; 95th percentiles] of € 8.36 [−222; 88], € −9.05 [−143; 38] and € −53.37 [−301; 87] per cow per year, respectively. The results suggest that the dairy farms modelled can improve their economic performance by postponing the turnout date, but that advancing the housing date or reducing daily grazing time mostly leads to a lower net economic farm performance. Overall, the GM interventions resulted in a higher technical efficiency and milk production but these benefits were offset by increased feed costs as a result of higher maintenance and cultivation costs. However, results highly differ between farms, indicating the need to evaluate GM interventions at the individual farm level for appropriate decision support.
LanguageEnglish
Pages68-75
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume236
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

grazing management
gastrointestinal nematodes
dairy cattle
Economics
economics
farms
economic impact
grazing
pastures
Milk
Ostertagia ostertagi
Ostertagia
Nematode Infections
milk tanks
economic performance
Farms
Costs and Cost Analysis
nematode infections
mowing
Livestock

Keywords

  • Anthelmintic resistance
  • Efficiency analysis
  • Grazing management interventions
  • Helminth
  • Ostertagia

Cite this

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title = "Economic modelling of grazing management against gastrointestinal nematodes in dairy cattle",
abstract = "Grazing management (GM) interventions, such as reducing the grazing time or mowing pasture before grazing, have been proposed to limit the exposure to gastrointestinal (GI) nematode infections in grazed livestock. However, the farm-level economic effects of these interventions have not yet been assessed so far. In this paper, the economic effects of three GM interventions in adult dairy cattle were modelled for a set of Flemish farms for which data were available: later turnout on pasture (GM1), earlier housing near the end of the grazing season (GM2), and reducing the daily grazing time (GM3). Farm accountancy data were linked to Ostertagia ostertagi bulk tank milk ELISA results and GM data for 137 farms. The economic effects of the GM interventions were investigated through a combination of efficiency analysis and a whole-farm simulation model. Modelling of GM1, GM2 and GM3 resulted in a marginal economic effect [5th; 95th percentiles] of € 8.36 [−222; 88], € −9.05 [−143; 38] and € −53.37 [−301; 87] per cow per year, respectively. The results suggest that the dairy farms modelled can improve their economic performance by postponing the turnout date, but that advancing the housing date or reducing daily grazing time mostly leads to a lower net economic farm performance. Overall, the GM interventions resulted in a higher technical efficiency and milk production but these benefits were offset by increased feed costs as a result of higher maintenance and cultivation costs. However, results highly differ between farms, indicating the need to evaluate GM interventions at the individual farm level for appropriate decision support.",
keywords = "Anthelmintic resistance, Efficiency analysis, Grazing management interventions, Helminth, Ostertagia",
author = "{van der Voort}, M. and {Van Meensel}, J. and L. Lauwers and {de Haan}, M.H.A. and A.G. Evers and {Van Huylenbroeck}, G. and J. Charlier",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.vetpar.2017.02.004",
language = "English",
volume = "236",
pages = "68--75",
journal = "Veterinary Parasitology",
issn = "0304-4017",
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}

Economic modelling of grazing management against gastrointestinal nematodes in dairy cattle. / van der Voort, M.; Van Meensel, J.; Lauwers, L.; de Haan, M.H.A.; Evers, A.G.; Van Huylenbroeck, G.; Charlier, J.

In: Veterinary Parasitology, Vol. 236, 2017, p. 68-75.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Economic modelling of grazing management against gastrointestinal nematodes in dairy cattle

AU - van der Voort, M.

AU - Van Meensel, J.

AU - Lauwers, L.

AU - de Haan, M.H.A.

AU - Evers, A.G.

AU - Van Huylenbroeck, G.

AU - Charlier, J.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Grazing management (GM) interventions, such as reducing the grazing time or mowing pasture before grazing, have been proposed to limit the exposure to gastrointestinal (GI) nematode infections in grazed livestock. However, the farm-level economic effects of these interventions have not yet been assessed so far. In this paper, the economic effects of three GM interventions in adult dairy cattle were modelled for a set of Flemish farms for which data were available: later turnout on pasture (GM1), earlier housing near the end of the grazing season (GM2), and reducing the daily grazing time (GM3). Farm accountancy data were linked to Ostertagia ostertagi bulk tank milk ELISA results and GM data for 137 farms. The economic effects of the GM interventions were investigated through a combination of efficiency analysis and a whole-farm simulation model. Modelling of GM1, GM2 and GM3 resulted in a marginal economic effect [5th; 95th percentiles] of € 8.36 [−222; 88], € −9.05 [−143; 38] and € −53.37 [−301; 87] per cow per year, respectively. The results suggest that the dairy farms modelled can improve their economic performance by postponing the turnout date, but that advancing the housing date or reducing daily grazing time mostly leads to a lower net economic farm performance. Overall, the GM interventions resulted in a higher technical efficiency and milk production but these benefits were offset by increased feed costs as a result of higher maintenance and cultivation costs. However, results highly differ between farms, indicating the need to evaluate GM interventions at the individual farm level for appropriate decision support.

AB - Grazing management (GM) interventions, such as reducing the grazing time or mowing pasture before grazing, have been proposed to limit the exposure to gastrointestinal (GI) nematode infections in grazed livestock. However, the farm-level economic effects of these interventions have not yet been assessed so far. In this paper, the economic effects of three GM interventions in adult dairy cattle were modelled for a set of Flemish farms for which data were available: later turnout on pasture (GM1), earlier housing near the end of the grazing season (GM2), and reducing the daily grazing time (GM3). Farm accountancy data were linked to Ostertagia ostertagi bulk tank milk ELISA results and GM data for 137 farms. The economic effects of the GM interventions were investigated through a combination of efficiency analysis and a whole-farm simulation model. Modelling of GM1, GM2 and GM3 resulted in a marginal economic effect [5th; 95th percentiles] of € 8.36 [−222; 88], € −9.05 [−143; 38] and € −53.37 [−301; 87] per cow per year, respectively. The results suggest that the dairy farms modelled can improve their economic performance by postponing the turnout date, but that advancing the housing date or reducing daily grazing time mostly leads to a lower net economic farm performance. Overall, the GM interventions resulted in a higher technical efficiency and milk production but these benefits were offset by increased feed costs as a result of higher maintenance and cultivation costs. However, results highly differ between farms, indicating the need to evaluate GM interventions at the individual farm level for appropriate decision support.

KW - Anthelmintic resistance

KW - Efficiency analysis

KW - Grazing management interventions

KW - Helminth

KW - Ostertagia

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DO - 10.1016/j.vetpar.2017.02.004

M3 - Article

VL - 236

SP - 68

EP - 75

JO - Veterinary Parasitology

T2 - Veterinary Parasitology

JF - Veterinary Parasitology

SN - 0304-4017

ER -