Economic and environmental impact of dry period length in dairy cows

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstractAcademic

Abstract

Shortening or omitting the dry period of dairy cows can improve cow welfare through fewer management changes and improved metabolic health in early lactation, at the cost of milk production. Part of the milk losses are compensated by additional milk before calving. The aim of this study was to model how a transition to a dry period of 28 or 0 days vs a dry period of 56 days affects net financial flows at herd level and greenhouse gas emissions per unit of milk. The evaluation included financial flows from milk, meat, calves, feed, and youngstock, and greenhouse gas emissions from feed production, enteric fermentation, and manure storage. In the stochastic model in R, dry period length affected milk yield, calving interval, and the risk of culling for fertility. Values for these parameters were derived from data from commercial dairy farms that shorten or omit the dry period since 2010/2011. Other parameters were based on literature. Herds of 100 cows were simulated at cow level for 5 years following the change in dry period length (n=40 herds per scenario). Total herd milk yield in the first year was not different among different dry period lengths (ANOVA, P>0.05), whereas a dry period of 28 days on average reduced yield by 2.9% from the second year onwards (P<0.05); and no dry period reduced yield by 7.0% in the second year (P<0.05), and by 3.7% from the third year onwards (P<0.05). At herd level, dry periods of 28 and 0 days in comparison with 56 days reduced net financial flows by €949 and €1,680 per year and resulted in similar greenhouse gas emissions per unit milk.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group Level
EditorsIngrid C. De Jong, Paul Koene
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen Academic Publishers
Pages54-54
ISBN (Electronic)9789086868629
ISBN (Print)9789086863143
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event7th International Conference on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group level - Ede, Netherlands
Duration: 5 Sep 20178 Sep 2017

Conference

Conference7th International Conference on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group level
CountryNetherlands
CityEde
Period5/09/178/09/17

Fingerprint

dry period (lactation)
economic impact
environmental impact
dairy cows
herds
milk
greenhouse gas emissions
cows
milk yield
manure storage
culling (animals)
calving interval
early lactation
shortenings
dairy farming
calving
milk production
analysis of variance
fermentation
meat

Cite this

Kok, A., van Middelaar, C. E., Mostert, P. F., van Knegsel, A. T. M., Kemp, B., de Boer, I. J. M., & Hogeveen, H. (2017). Economic and environmental impact of dry period length in dairy cows. In I. C. De Jong, & P. Koene (Eds.), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group Level (pp. 54-54). Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers.
Kok, A. ; van Middelaar, C.E. ; Mostert, P.F. ; van Knegsel, A.T.M. ; Kemp, B. ; de Boer, I.J.M. ; Hogeveen, H. / Economic and environmental impact of dry period length in dairy cows. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group Level. editor / Ingrid C. De Jong ; Paul Koene. Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers, 2017. pp. 54-54
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Kok, A, van Middelaar, CE, Mostert, PF, van Knegsel, ATM, Kemp, B, de Boer, IJM & Hogeveen, H 2017, Economic and environmental impact of dry period length in dairy cows. in IC De Jong & P Koene (eds), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group Level. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, pp. 54-54, 7th International Conference on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group level, Ede, Netherlands, 5/09/17.

Economic and environmental impact of dry period length in dairy cows. / Kok, A.; van Middelaar, C.E.; Mostert, P.F.; van Knegsel, A.T.M.; Kemp, B.; de Boer, I.J.M.; Hogeveen, H.

Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group Level. ed. / Ingrid C. De Jong; Paul Koene. Wageningen : Wageningen Academic Publishers, 2017. p. 54-54.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstractAcademic

TY - CHAP

T1 - Economic and environmental impact of dry period length in dairy cows

AU - Kok, A.

AU - van Middelaar, C.E.

AU - Mostert, P.F.

AU - van Knegsel, A.T.M.

AU - Kemp, B.

AU - de Boer, I.J.M.

AU - Hogeveen, H.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Shortening or omitting the dry period of dairy cows can improve cow welfare through fewer management changes and improved metabolic health in early lactation, at the cost of milk production. Part of the milk losses are compensated by additional milk before calving. The aim of this study was to model how a transition to a dry period of 28 or 0 days vs a dry period of 56 days affects net financial flows at herd level and greenhouse gas emissions per unit of milk. The evaluation included financial flows from milk, meat, calves, feed, and youngstock, and greenhouse gas emissions from feed production, enteric fermentation, and manure storage. In the stochastic model in R, dry period length affected milk yield, calving interval, and the risk of culling for fertility. Values for these parameters were derived from data from commercial dairy farms that shorten or omit the dry period since 2010/2011. Other parameters were based on literature. Herds of 100 cows were simulated at cow level for 5 years following the change in dry period length (n=40 herds per scenario). Total herd milk yield in the first year was not different among different dry period lengths (ANOVA, P>0.05), whereas a dry period of 28 days on average reduced yield by 2.9% from the second year onwards (P<0.05); and no dry period reduced yield by 7.0% in the second year (P<0.05), and by 3.7% from the third year onwards (P<0.05). At herd level, dry periods of 28 and 0 days in comparison with 56 days reduced net financial flows by €949 and €1,680 per year and resulted in similar greenhouse gas emissions per unit milk.

AB - Shortening or omitting the dry period of dairy cows can improve cow welfare through fewer management changes and improved metabolic health in early lactation, at the cost of milk production. Part of the milk losses are compensated by additional milk before calving. The aim of this study was to model how a transition to a dry period of 28 or 0 days vs a dry period of 56 days affects net financial flows at herd level and greenhouse gas emissions per unit of milk. The evaluation included financial flows from milk, meat, calves, feed, and youngstock, and greenhouse gas emissions from feed production, enteric fermentation, and manure storage. In the stochastic model in R, dry period length affected milk yield, calving interval, and the risk of culling for fertility. Values for these parameters were derived from data from commercial dairy farms that shorten or omit the dry period since 2010/2011. Other parameters were based on literature. Herds of 100 cows were simulated at cow level for 5 years following the change in dry period length (n=40 herds per scenario). Total herd milk yield in the first year was not different among different dry period lengths (ANOVA, P>0.05), whereas a dry period of 28 days on average reduced yield by 2.9% from the second year onwards (P<0.05); and no dry period reduced yield by 7.0% in the second year (P<0.05), and by 3.7% from the third year onwards (P<0.05). At herd level, dry periods of 28 and 0 days in comparison with 56 days reduced net financial flows by €949 and €1,680 per year and resulted in similar greenhouse gas emissions per unit milk.

M3 - Abstract

SN - 9789086863143

SP - 54

EP - 54

BT - Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group Level

A2 - De Jong, Ingrid C.

A2 - Koene, Paul

PB - Wageningen Academic Publishers

CY - Wageningen

ER -

Kok A, van Middelaar CE, Mostert PF, van Knegsel ATM, Kemp B, de Boer IJM et al. Economic and environmental impact of dry period length in dairy cows. In De Jong IC, Koene P, editors, Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group Level. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers. 2017. p. 54-54