Ecological intensification: harnessing ecosystem services for food security

R. Bommarco, D. Kleijn, S.G. Potts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1087 Citations (Scopus)


Rising demands for agricultural products will increase pressure to further intensify crop production, while negative environmental impacts have to be minimized. Ecological intensification entails the environmentally friendly replacement of anthropogenic inputs and/or enhancement of crop productivity, by including regulating and supporting ecosystem services management in agricultural practices. Effective ecological intensification requires an understanding of the relations between land use at different scales and the community composition of ecosystem service-providing organisms above and below ground, and the flow, stability, contribution to yield, and management costs of the multiple services delivered by these organisms. Research efforts and investments are particularly needed to reduce existing yield gaps by integrating context-appropriate bundles of ecosystem services into crop production systems
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-238
JournalTrends in Ecology and Evolution
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • bee species responses
  • biological-control
  • agricultural intensification
  • natural enemies
  • landscape scale
  • biodiversity conservation
  • terrestrial ecosystems
  • biotic interactions
  • soil biodiversity
  • plant-communities


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