Easily obtainable clinical features increase the diagnostic accuracy for later autoimmune diabetes in adults. An evidence based report

M.W.M.D. Lutgens, M. Meijer, B. Peeters, M.N.F. Poulsen, M.J. Rutten, M.L. Bots, G.J.M.G. van der Heijden, S.S. Soedamah-Muthu

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Abstract

Background Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) represents a subgroup of diabetes mellitus. LADA is characterised by adult-onset diabetes and circulating autoimmune antibodies. LADA patients may need a different therapeutic approach than the usual type 2 diabetes mellitus. When LADA is inadequately diagnosed as type 2 diabetes mellitus, LADA patients will mistakenly be exposed to a high dose of oral glucose lowering drugs and their possible side effects. Aim To assess which clinical features predict the presence or absence of LADA in patients older than 25 years presenting with hyperglycemia. Methods A structured Medline and Embase search was conducted. Titles and abstracts were screened using predetermined selection criteria. Critical appraisal was based on standardized validity criteria for diagnostic research. Results One-hundred and eighty-four papers were retrieved of which after assessment of relevance and validity 2 studies remained for further analysis. One study reported a probability of LADA of 0.99 with one or two out of the following five clinical features: age at onset
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-211
JournalPrimary Care Diabetes
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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    Lutgens, M. W. M. D., Meijer, M., Peeters, B., Poulsen, M. N. F., Rutten, M. J., Bots, M. L., van der Heijden, G. J. M. G., & Soedamah-Muthu, S. S. (2008). Easily obtainable clinical features increase the diagnostic accuracy for later autoimmune diabetes in adults. An evidence based report. Primary Care Diabetes, 2(4), 207-211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcd.2008.08.003