Early nutritional supplementation immediately after diagnosis of infectious disease improves body weight in psychogeriatric nursing home residents

W. Wouters-Wesseling, E. Slump, C.N. Kleijer, C.P.G.M. de Groot, W.A. van Staveren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims: Many elderly people with Alzheimer's disease experience weight loss. Illness and inadequate regain after a period of illness are considered as contributory causes of progressive weight loss in psychogeriatric patients. We studied whether early use of a liquid nutrition supplement immediately after onset of acute illness from infection can prevent weight loss in elderly psychogeriatric nursing home residents. Methods: Randomised controlled trial of 5 weeks after the onset of illness. Thirty-four psychogeriatric nursing home residents (aged ¿65 yrs) completed the study period. A liquid nutrition supplement (200 ml) once daily immediately after diagnosis of infection or standard treatment (enriched food after referral to a dietician) were provided. Body weight, mid-upper arm circumference, calf circumference, triceps skin fold thickness, dietary energy intake, and need for care were measured. Results: Weight change during the study period was significantly different between the standard (-0.4 kg) and supplement (+0.8 kg) groups (p=0.040). No significant differences were observed in changes of mid-upper arm circumference, triceps skin fold thickness, calf circumference or energy intake between groups. Conclusions: Early provision of a liquid nutrition supplement immediately after onset of acute illness from infection leads to weight gain in elderly psychogeriatric nursing home residents.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-74
JournalAging clinical and experimental research
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • single-blind trial
  • alzheimers-disease
  • acute stroke

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