Early life nutritional programming of long-term weight gain and feed intake in the porcine model

C.M. Clouard, W.J.J. Gerrits, B. Kemp, David Val-Laillet, J.E. Bolhuis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paper

Abstract

We studied the effect of a prenatal and/or postnatal Western-like diet high in fat, refined sugar, and cholesterol on long-term feed intake and growth of piglets. Thirty-two sows and their offspring were allocated to 1 of 4 dietary treatments in a 2×2 factorial design, with 8-week prenatal and 8-week postnatal exposure to a Western-like diet or control diets as factors. From weaning onwards, 4-weekold piglets were housed in groups (n=8) of 3 littermates and fed ad libitum. From the end of the dietary treatment onwards, all piglets were fed a standard commercial diet, and followed for 8 weeks. Piglets exposed to the prenatal Western diet were heavier at weaning than controls. Piglets fed the postnatal Western diet weighed less than controls at the end of the treatment and 8 weeks later. From weaning to the end of the treatment, piglets fed the postnatal Western diet had a lower average daily gain (ADG), gain:feed (G:F) and average daily feed intake (ADFI), but a higher energy intake than controls. During the 8 weeks following the end of the treatment, piglets fed the postnatal Western diet had a 20% decrease in ADFI, but only a 7% decrease in ADG, resulting in a higher G:F. Thus, feeding a high-sugar high-fat diet for only 8-week post-partum can drastically reduce feed intake,and improve feed efficiency in later life.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnergy and protein metabolism and nutrition
Subtitle of host publication5th EAAP International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition, Krakow, Poland, 12-15 September 2016
EditorsJacek Skomiał, Hélène Lapierre
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen Academic Publishers
Pages365-366
ISBN (Electronic)9789086868322
ISBN (Print)9789086862863
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event5th EAAP International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism - Krakow, Krakow, Poland
Duration: 12 Sep 201615 Sep 2016

Publication series

NameEAAP publication
PublisherWageningen Academic Publishers
Number137
ISSN (Print)0071-2477

Conference

Conference5th EAAP International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism
CountryPoland
CityKrakow
Period12/09/1615/09/16

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  • Cite this

    Clouard, C. M., Gerrits, W. J. J., Kemp, B., Val-Laillet, D., & Bolhuis, J. E. (2016). Early life nutritional programming of long-term weight gain and feed intake in the porcine model. In J. Skomiał, & H. Lapierre (Eds.), Energy and protein metabolism and nutrition: 5th EAAP International Symposium on Energy and Protein Metabolism and Nutrition, Krakow, Poland, 12-15 September 2016 (pp. 365-366). (EAAP publication; No. 137). Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers.