Earliest radiometric dates for stratified archaeological remains in Greece: the evidence from Kokkinopilos, NW Greece.

V. Tourloukis, P. Karkanas, J. Wallinga

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractAcademic

Abstract

The red-bed site of Kokkinopilos is an emblematic and yet also most enigmatic open-air Palaeolithic site in Greece, stimulating controversy ever since its discovery in 1962. While early research raised claims for stratigraphically in situ artifacts, later scholars considered the material reworked and of low archaeological value, a theory that was soon to be challenged again by the discovery of in situ artifacts, including handaxes. Here we present results of a long-term study including geoarchaeological assessments, geomorphological mapping and luminescence dating. We show that the site preserves an overall undisturbed sedimentary sequence related to an ephemeral lake, marked by paleosols and stratigraphic units with Palaeolithic material that is geologically in situ and hence datable. Our research resolves the issues that have been the source of controversy: the depositional environment, stratigraphic integrity, chronological placement and archaeological potential of the site. Moreover, the delivered luminescence ages demonstrate that the lithic component with bifacial specimens considerably pre-dates the last interglacial and therefore comprises the earliest stratigraphically defined and directly radiometrically-dated archaeological material in Greece. Kokkinopilos has served as a reference site for the interpretation of all other red-bed sites in north-west Greece, therefore our results have significantly wider implications: by analogy to Kokkinopilos, the open-air sites of Epirus should not anymore be considered ‘by default’ as inscrutable palimpsests with limited archaeological potential; rather, these sites can be excavated and dated. This realization opens up new prospects for future research in Epirus, an area that is the most prolific in Palaeolithic remains in Greece.
Original languageEnglish
Pages1-8
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event84th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, St.Louis, Missouri, USA -
Duration: 27 Mar 201527 Mar 2015

Conference

Conference84th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, St.Louis, Missouri, USA
Period27/03/1527/03/15

Fingerprint

Paleolithic
red bed
artifact
ephemeral lake
geomorphological mapping
luminescence dating
Last Interglacial
luminescence
sedimentary sequence
paleosol
depositional environment
in situ
material

Cite this

Tourloukis, V., Karkanas, P., & Wallinga, J. (2015). Earliest radiometric dates for stratified archaeological remains in Greece: the evidence from Kokkinopilos, NW Greece.. 1-8. Abstract from 84th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, St.Louis, Missouri, USA, .
Tourloukis, V. ; Karkanas, P. ; Wallinga, J. / Earliest radiometric dates for stratified archaeological remains in Greece: the evidence from Kokkinopilos, NW Greece. Abstract from 84th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, St.Louis, Missouri, USA, .
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abstract = "The red-bed site of Kokkinopilos is an emblematic and yet also most enigmatic open-air Palaeolithic site in Greece, stimulating controversy ever since its discovery in 1962. While early research raised claims for stratigraphically in situ artifacts, later scholars considered the material reworked and of low archaeological value, a theory that was soon to be challenged again by the discovery of in situ artifacts, including handaxes. Here we present results of a long-term study including geoarchaeological assessments, geomorphological mapping and luminescence dating. We show that the site preserves an overall undisturbed sedimentary sequence related to an ephemeral lake, marked by paleosols and stratigraphic units with Palaeolithic material that is geologically in situ and hence datable. Our research resolves the issues that have been the source of controversy: the depositional environment, stratigraphic integrity, chronological placement and archaeological potential of the site. Moreover, the delivered luminescence ages demonstrate that the lithic component with bifacial specimens considerably pre-dates the last interglacial and therefore comprises the earliest stratigraphically defined and directly radiometrically-dated archaeological material in Greece. Kokkinopilos has served as a reference site for the interpretation of all other red-bed sites in north-west Greece, therefore our results have significantly wider implications: by analogy to Kokkinopilos, the open-air sites of Epirus should not anymore be considered ‘by default’ as inscrutable palimpsests with limited archaeological potential; rather, these sites can be excavated and dated. This realization opens up new prospects for future research in Epirus, an area that is the most prolific in Palaeolithic remains in Greece.",
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Tourloukis, V, Karkanas, P & Wallinga, J 2015, 'Earliest radiometric dates for stratified archaeological remains in Greece: the evidence from Kokkinopilos, NW Greece.' 84th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, St.Louis, Missouri, USA, 27/03/15 - 27/03/15, pp. 1-8.

Earliest radiometric dates for stratified archaeological remains in Greece: the evidence from Kokkinopilos, NW Greece. / Tourloukis, V.; Karkanas, P.; Wallinga, J.

2015. 1-8 Abstract from 84th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, St.Louis, Missouri, USA, .

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractAcademic

TY - CONF

T1 - Earliest radiometric dates for stratified archaeological remains in Greece: the evidence from Kokkinopilos, NW Greece.

AU - Tourloukis, V.

AU - Karkanas, P.

AU - Wallinga, J.

N1 - art only available to subscribers : https://www.sciencenews.org/article/ancient-hominids-moved-greece-about-206000-years-ago

PY - 2015

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N2 - The red-bed site of Kokkinopilos is an emblematic and yet also most enigmatic open-air Palaeolithic site in Greece, stimulating controversy ever since its discovery in 1962. While early research raised claims for stratigraphically in situ artifacts, later scholars considered the material reworked and of low archaeological value, a theory that was soon to be challenged again by the discovery of in situ artifacts, including handaxes. Here we present results of a long-term study including geoarchaeological assessments, geomorphological mapping and luminescence dating. We show that the site preserves an overall undisturbed sedimentary sequence related to an ephemeral lake, marked by paleosols and stratigraphic units with Palaeolithic material that is geologically in situ and hence datable. Our research resolves the issues that have been the source of controversy: the depositional environment, stratigraphic integrity, chronological placement and archaeological potential of the site. Moreover, the delivered luminescence ages demonstrate that the lithic component with bifacial specimens considerably pre-dates the last interglacial and therefore comprises the earliest stratigraphically defined and directly radiometrically-dated archaeological material in Greece. Kokkinopilos has served as a reference site for the interpretation of all other red-bed sites in north-west Greece, therefore our results have significantly wider implications: by analogy to Kokkinopilos, the open-air sites of Epirus should not anymore be considered ‘by default’ as inscrutable palimpsests with limited archaeological potential; rather, these sites can be excavated and dated. This realization opens up new prospects for future research in Epirus, an area that is the most prolific in Palaeolithic remains in Greece.

AB - The red-bed site of Kokkinopilos is an emblematic and yet also most enigmatic open-air Palaeolithic site in Greece, stimulating controversy ever since its discovery in 1962. While early research raised claims for stratigraphically in situ artifacts, later scholars considered the material reworked and of low archaeological value, a theory that was soon to be challenged again by the discovery of in situ artifacts, including handaxes. Here we present results of a long-term study including geoarchaeological assessments, geomorphological mapping and luminescence dating. We show that the site preserves an overall undisturbed sedimentary sequence related to an ephemeral lake, marked by paleosols and stratigraphic units with Palaeolithic material that is geologically in situ and hence datable. Our research resolves the issues that have been the source of controversy: the depositional environment, stratigraphic integrity, chronological placement and archaeological potential of the site. Moreover, the delivered luminescence ages demonstrate that the lithic component with bifacial specimens considerably pre-dates the last interglacial and therefore comprises the earliest stratigraphically defined and directly radiometrically-dated archaeological material in Greece. Kokkinopilos has served as a reference site for the interpretation of all other red-bed sites in north-west Greece, therefore our results have significantly wider implications: by analogy to Kokkinopilos, the open-air sites of Epirus should not anymore be considered ‘by default’ as inscrutable palimpsests with limited archaeological potential; rather, these sites can be excavated and dated. This realization opens up new prospects for future research in Epirus, an area that is the most prolific in Palaeolithic remains in Greece.

M3 - Abstract

SP - 1

EP - 8

ER -

Tourloukis V, Karkanas P, Wallinga J. Earliest radiometric dates for stratified archaeological remains in Greece: the evidence from Kokkinopilos, NW Greece.. 2015. Abstract from 84th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, St.Louis, Missouri, USA, .