Dynamic behavior of interfaces: Modeling with nonequilibrium thermodynamics

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In multiphase systems the transfer of mass, heat, and momentum, both along and across phase interfaces, has an important impact on the overall dynamics of the system. Familiar examples are the effects of surface diffusion on foam drainage (Marangoni effect), or the effect of surface elasticities on the deformation of vesicles or red blood cells in an arterial flow. In this paper we will review recent work on modeling transfer processes associated with interfaces in the context of nonequilibrium thermodynamics (NET). The focus will be on NET frameworks employing the Gibbs dividing surface model, in which the interface is modeled as a twodimensional plane. This plane has excess variables associated with it, such as a surface mass density, a surface momentum density, a surface energy density, and a surface entropy density. We will review a number of NET frameworks which can be used to derive balance equations and constitutive models for the time rate of change of these excess variables, as a result of in-plane (tangential) transfer processes, and exchange with the adjoining bulk phases. These balance equations must be solved together with mass, momentum, and energy balances for the bulk phases, and a set of boundary conditions coupling the set of bulk and interface equations. This entire set of equations constitutes a comprehensive continuummodel for amultiphase system, and allows us to examine the role of the interfacial dynamics on the overall dynamics of the system. With respect to the constitutive equations we will focus primarily on equations for the surface extra stress tensor.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)328-343
JournalAdvances in Colloid and Interface Science
Volume206
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • liquid-vapor interface
  • curved fluid interfaces
  • in-water emulsions
  • surface-diffusion coefficient
  • scanning angle reflectometry
  • extended thermodynamics
  • latex-particles
  • amyloid fibrils
  • air-water
  • 2-dimensional suspensions

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