Fluoroquinolones (FQs) are synthetic antibiotics of broad-spectrum antibacterial activity widely used to treat infections in farmed fish, turkeys, pigs, calves and poultry. Monitoring these substances residues is therefore regulated by law. For the detection of FQs, we studied the feasibility of coupling the simultaneous screening of several FQs, using a dual surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensor immunoassay (BIA), in parallel, with an analytical chemical methodology for their identification. Six FQs were simultaneously screened at or below their maximum residue level (MRL) in chicken muscle using a multi-FQ BIA for norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin, difloxacin and sarafloxacin, and a specific BIA for flumequine. The two BIAs were serially coupled in a multi-channel SPR biosensor featuring a dual BIA in a competitive inhibition format. The samples non-compliant during the screening with the dual BIA were further concentrated and fractionated with gradient liquid chromatography (LC). The effluent was splitted toward two 96-well fraction collectors resulting in two identical 96-well plates. One was re-screened with the dual BIA to identify the immunoactive fractions and direct the identification efforts toward the relevant fractions in the second well-plate with high resolution LC-electrospray time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ESI-TOFMS). The system not only allows the possibility to screen and identify known FQs, but also to discover unknown chemicals of similar structure which show activity in the dual BIA.