Drop size measurement techniques for sprays: Comparison of image analysis, phase Doppler particle analysis, and laser diffraction

R. Sijs*, S. Kooij, H.J. Holterman, J. Van De Zande, D. Bonn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Four different methods for measuring droplet size distributions are evaluated: the Image Analysis VisiSizer technique, a stroboscopic imaging method developed in-house, phase Doppler particle analysis (PDPA), and laser diffraction (Malvern Spraytec). We find that the larger the droplets, the bigger the differences between the results obtained by the different methods. The Image Analysis VisiSizer technique yields results that are comparable with those of the stroboscopic imaging method, provided that the raw Visisizer data are used, as the VisiSizer software makes corrections that can skew the results. Our measurements confirm how the limitations of PDPA can influence its outcomes; the presence of air bubbles inside droplets will cause PDPA to mistake them for smaller droplets. The fact that PDPA reports no droplets larger than 1200 μm might be caused by large drops often not being spherical. The results of the laser diffraction technique are influenced by its fitting method to obtain the droplet size distribution and by overestimation of the number of small droplets due to their low velocity and thus higher concentration in the sample volume. Our results emphasize the need for selecting the size measurement technique to fit the physical nature and expected range of droplet parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015315
JournalAIP Advances
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021

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