Downstream processing of Isochrysis galbana: a step towards microalgal biorefinery

B. Gilbert-López, J.A. Mendiola, J. Fontecha, L.A.M. van den Broek, L. Sijtsma, A. Cifuentes, M. Herrero, E. Ibáñez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An algae-based biorefinery relies on the efficient use of algae biomass through its fractionation of several valuable/bioactive compounds that can be used in industry. If this biorefinery includes green platforms as downstream processing technologies able to fulfill the requirements of green chemistry, it will end-up with sustainable processes. In the present study, a downstream processing platform has been developed to extract bioactive compounds from the microalga Isochrysis galbana using various pressurized green solvents. Extractions were performed in four sequential steps using (1) supercritical CO2 (ScCO2), (2) ScCO2/ethanol (Gas Expanded Liquid, GXL), (3) pure ethanol, and (4) pure water as solvents, respectively. The residue of the extraction step was used as the raw material for the next extraction. Optimization of the ScCO2 extraction was performed by factorial design in order to maximize carotenoid extraction. During the second step, different percentages of ethanol were evaluated (15%, 45% and 75%) in order to maximize the extraction yield of fucoxanthin, the main carotenoid present in this alga; the extraction of polar lipids was also an aim. The third and fourth steps were performed with the objective of recovering fractions with high antioxidant activity, eventually rich in carbohydrates and proteins. The green downstream platform developed in this study produced different extracts with potential for application in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Therefore, a good approach for complete revalorization of the microalgae biomass is proposed, by using processes complying with the green chemistry principles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4599-4609
JournalGreen Chemistry
Volume17
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Processing
Algae
ethanol
Ethanol
alga
Carotenoids
carotenoid
Biomass
pharmaceutical industry
microalga
Cosmetics
food industry
biomass
Carbohydrates
Fractionation
Antioxidants
Drug products
antioxidant
Lipids
carbohydrate

Cite this

Gilbert-López, B., Mendiola, J. A., Fontecha, J., van den Broek, L. A. M., Sijtsma, L., Cifuentes, A., ... Ibáñez, E. (2015). Downstream processing of Isochrysis galbana: a step towards microalgal biorefinery. Green Chemistry, 17(9), 4599-4609. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5gc01256b
Gilbert-López, B. ; Mendiola, J.A. ; Fontecha, J. ; van den Broek, L.A.M. ; Sijtsma, L. ; Cifuentes, A. ; Herrero, M. ; Ibáñez, E. / Downstream processing of Isochrysis galbana: a step towards microalgal biorefinery. In: Green Chemistry. 2015 ; Vol. 17, No. 9. pp. 4599-4609.
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Gilbert-López, B, Mendiola, JA, Fontecha, J, van den Broek, LAM, Sijtsma, L, Cifuentes, A, Herrero, M & Ibáñez, E 2015, 'Downstream processing of Isochrysis galbana: a step towards microalgal biorefinery', Green Chemistry, vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 4599-4609. https://doi.org/10.1039/c5gc01256b

Downstream processing of Isochrysis galbana: a step towards microalgal biorefinery. / Gilbert-López, B.; Mendiola, J.A.; Fontecha, J.; van den Broek, L.A.M.; Sijtsma, L.; Cifuentes, A.; Herrero, M.; Ibáñez, E.

In: Green Chemistry, Vol. 17, No. 9, 2015, p. 4599-4609.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Downstream processing of Isochrysis galbana: a step towards microalgal biorefinery

AU - Gilbert-López, B.

AU - Mendiola, J.A.

AU - Fontecha, J.

AU - van den Broek, L.A.M.

AU - Sijtsma, L.

AU - Cifuentes, A.

AU - Herrero, M.

AU - Ibáñez, E.

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AB - An algae-based biorefinery relies on the efficient use of algae biomass through its fractionation of several valuable/bioactive compounds that can be used in industry. If this biorefinery includes green platforms as downstream processing technologies able to fulfill the requirements of green chemistry, it will end-up with sustainable processes. In the present study, a downstream processing platform has been developed to extract bioactive compounds from the microalga Isochrysis galbana using various pressurized green solvents. Extractions were performed in four sequential steps using (1) supercritical CO2 (ScCO2), (2) ScCO2/ethanol (Gas Expanded Liquid, GXL), (3) pure ethanol, and (4) pure water as solvents, respectively. The residue of the extraction step was used as the raw material for the next extraction. Optimization of the ScCO2 extraction was performed by factorial design in order to maximize carotenoid extraction. During the second step, different percentages of ethanol were evaluated (15%, 45% and 75%) in order to maximize the extraction yield of fucoxanthin, the main carotenoid present in this alga; the extraction of polar lipids was also an aim. The third and fourth steps were performed with the objective of recovering fractions with high antioxidant activity, eventually rich in carbohydrates and proteins. The green downstream platform developed in this study produced different extracts with potential for application in the food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Therefore, a good approach for complete revalorization of the microalgae biomass is proposed, by using processes complying with the green chemistry principles.

U2 - 10.1039/c5gc01256b

DO - 10.1039/c5gc01256b

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 4599

EP - 4609

JO - Green Chemistry

JF - Green Chemistry

SN - 1463-9262

IS - 9

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