Does Wolbachia infection affect Trichogramma atopovirilia behaviour?

R.P. de Almeida, J.C. van Lenteren, R. Stouthamer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Unisexual Trichogramma forms have attracted much attention due to their potential advantages as biocontrol agents. Fitness studies have been performed and understanding the cost that Wolbachia may inflict on their hosts will help in deciding if Wolbachia infected (unisexual) forms are indeed better than sexual forms when used in biological control programmes. The influence of Wolbachia on the foraging behaviour (including walking activity and speed) of T. atopovirilia is reported in this paper. Temperature strongly affected T. atopovirilia female walking activity, but Wolbachia infected and uninfected females differed in none of the behavioural components that were measured such as walking activity and walking speed. Walking activity was highest at 25 ºC and differed significantly from that at 20 and 15 ºC. Trichogramma wasps were highly affected at 15 ºC. Behaviour analysis with females showed that female wasps spend most of the time on drilling + ovipositing on host eggs followed by host drumming and walking while drumming. The parasitism rate and number of offspring did not differ significantly between infected and cured Trichogramma females. Biological control implications of these findings are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-442
JournalBrazilian Journal of Biology
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • biological-control
  • parasitoid wasp
  • searching behavior
  • host selection
  • minutum
  • hymenoptera
  • brassicae
  • discrimination
  • aleyrodidae
  • temperature

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