Do plant traits explain tree seedling survival in bogs?

J. Limpens, E. van Egmond, B. Li, M. Holmgren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1.Moss-dominated peat bogs store approximately 30% of global soil carbon. A climate induced shift from current moss-dominated conditions to tree-dominated states is expected to strongly affect their functioning and carbon sequestration capacity. Consequently, unraveling the mechanisms that may explain successful tree seedling establishment in these ecosystems is highly relevant. 2.To assess the role of drought on early tree seedling establishment and the relative importance of plant traits in tree seedling survival, we conducted a factorial glasshouse experiment with seven conifer species. 3.Our results show that drought inhibits moss growth, thereby increasing survival of tree seedlings. Survival success was higher in Pinus than in Picea species, ranking Pinus banksiana > Pinus sylvestris > Pinus nigra > Picea mariana > Picea glauca, Picea sitchensis > Picea rubens. We found that those species most successful under dry and wet conditions combined a fast shoot growth with high seed mass. 4.We conclude that plant traits contribute to explaining successful early tree seedling establishment in bogs
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-290
JournalFunctional Ecology
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

bogs
bog
seedling
seedlings
seedling establishment
moss
mosses and liverworts
drought
Picea rubens
Pinus nigra
wet environmental conditions
Pinus banksiana
Picea glauca
Picea sitchensis
shoot growth
Picea mariana
peatlands
soil carbon
peatland
carbon sequestration

Keywords

  • sphagnum mosses
  • picea-mariana
  • water-table
  • scots pine
  • boreal
  • growth
  • peatlands
  • recruitment
  • establishment
  • carbon

Cite this

Limpens, J. ; van Egmond, E. ; Li, B. ; Holmgren, M. / Do plant traits explain tree seedling survival in bogs?. In: Functional Ecology. 2014 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 283-290.
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title = "Do plant traits explain tree seedling survival in bogs?",
abstract = "1.Moss-dominated peat bogs store approximately 30{\%} of global soil carbon. A climate induced shift from current moss-dominated conditions to tree-dominated states is expected to strongly affect their functioning and carbon sequestration capacity. Consequently, unraveling the mechanisms that may explain successful tree seedling establishment in these ecosystems is highly relevant. 2.To assess the role of drought on early tree seedling establishment and the relative importance of plant traits in tree seedling survival, we conducted a factorial glasshouse experiment with seven conifer species. 3.Our results show that drought inhibits moss growth, thereby increasing survival of tree seedlings. Survival success was higher in Pinus than in Picea species, ranking Pinus banksiana > Pinus sylvestris > Pinus nigra > Picea mariana > Picea glauca, Picea sitchensis > Picea rubens. We found that those species most successful under dry and wet conditions combined a fast shoot growth with high seed mass. 4.We conclude that plant traits contribute to explaining successful early tree seedling establishment in bogs",
keywords = "sphagnum mosses, picea-mariana, water-table, scots pine, boreal, growth, peatlands, recruitment, establishment, carbon",
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Do plant traits explain tree seedling survival in bogs? / Limpens, J.; van Egmond, E.; Li, B.; Holmgren, M.

In: Functional Ecology, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2014, p. 283-290.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do plant traits explain tree seedling survival in bogs?

AU - Limpens, J.

AU - van Egmond, E.

AU - Li, B.

AU - Holmgren, M.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - 1.Moss-dominated peat bogs store approximately 30% of global soil carbon. A climate induced shift from current moss-dominated conditions to tree-dominated states is expected to strongly affect their functioning and carbon sequestration capacity. Consequently, unraveling the mechanisms that may explain successful tree seedling establishment in these ecosystems is highly relevant. 2.To assess the role of drought on early tree seedling establishment and the relative importance of plant traits in tree seedling survival, we conducted a factorial glasshouse experiment with seven conifer species. 3.Our results show that drought inhibits moss growth, thereby increasing survival of tree seedlings. Survival success was higher in Pinus than in Picea species, ranking Pinus banksiana > Pinus sylvestris > Pinus nigra > Picea mariana > Picea glauca, Picea sitchensis > Picea rubens. We found that those species most successful under dry and wet conditions combined a fast shoot growth with high seed mass. 4.We conclude that plant traits contribute to explaining successful early tree seedling establishment in bogs

AB - 1.Moss-dominated peat bogs store approximately 30% of global soil carbon. A climate induced shift from current moss-dominated conditions to tree-dominated states is expected to strongly affect their functioning and carbon sequestration capacity. Consequently, unraveling the mechanisms that may explain successful tree seedling establishment in these ecosystems is highly relevant. 2.To assess the role of drought on early tree seedling establishment and the relative importance of plant traits in tree seedling survival, we conducted a factorial glasshouse experiment with seven conifer species. 3.Our results show that drought inhibits moss growth, thereby increasing survival of tree seedlings. Survival success was higher in Pinus than in Picea species, ranking Pinus banksiana > Pinus sylvestris > Pinus nigra > Picea mariana > Picea glauca, Picea sitchensis > Picea rubens. We found that those species most successful under dry and wet conditions combined a fast shoot growth with high seed mass. 4.We conclude that plant traits contribute to explaining successful early tree seedling establishment in bogs

KW - sphagnum mosses

KW - picea-mariana

KW - water-table

KW - scots pine

KW - boreal

KW - growth

KW - peatlands

KW - recruitment

KW - establishment

KW - carbon

U2 - 10.1111/1365-2435.12148

DO - 10.1111/1365-2435.12148

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 283

EP - 290

JO - Functional Ecology

JF - Functional Ecology

SN - 0269-8463

IS - 1

ER -