Do diverse landscapes provide for effective natural pest control in subtropical rice?

Yi Zou, Joop De Kraker, Felix J.J.A. Bianchi, Haijun Xiao*, Jikun Huang, Xiangzheng Deng, Lingling Hou, Wopke Van Der Werf

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

While the biocontrol potential of natural enemies is well established, it is largely unknown how landscape‐mediated effects on pest and natural enemy communities impact the cascade of biocontrol potential, crop injury, yield and profit, taking into account crop management and surrounding landscape composition.We compared natural biocontrol with chemical control according to local farmers’ practice, across the ‘full cascade’ from natural enemy and pest abundance to crop injury, yield loss, yield and economic performance. This two‐year study was conducted in 20 rice fields embedded in a gradient of landscapes from crop‐dominated to semi‐natural habitat‐dominated, in subtropical China, the world's largest rice producing region.Natural enemies suppressed brown planthopper population growth in unsprayed plots, irrespective of landscape composition. However, crop injury was lower in pesticide treated plots than in unsprayed plots, and yields in sprayed plots were 20% higher than in unsprayed plots. Nevertheless, pesticide applications were only profitable in less than half of the cases when only costs for pesticides were considered, and in less than one third of the cases when costs for pesticides and labour were considered.Synthesis and applications. Our findings question the cost‐effectiveness of current chemical‐based pest management in farming, and highlight opportunities for more ecologically based pest management strategies based on the widespread activity of natural enemies. Pest damage and biocontrol, however, are largely independent from the landscape context, which might be due to the small‐scale character of Chinese rice landscapes. To maintain high levels of biocontrol, conserving this small‐scale character appears more important than increasing the proportion of semi‐natural habitat
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-180
JournalJournal of Applied Ecology
Volume57
Issue number1
Early online date9 Oct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

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pest control
natural enemy
rice
crop
pesticide
pest damage
planthopper
pesticide application
chemical control
paddy field
cost
population growth
labor
habitat
economics
pest

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Zou, Yi ; De Kraker, Joop ; Bianchi, Felix J.J.A. ; Xiao, Haijun ; Huang, Jikun ; Deng, Xiangzheng ; Hou, Lingling ; Van Der Werf, Wopke. / Do diverse landscapes provide for effective natural pest control in subtropical rice?. In: Journal of Applied Ecology. 2020 ; Vol. 57, No. 1. pp. 170-180.
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abstract = "While the biocontrol potential of natural enemies is well established, it is largely unknown how landscape‐mediated effects on pest and natural enemy communities impact the cascade of biocontrol potential, crop injury, yield and profit, taking into account crop management and surrounding landscape composition.We compared natural biocontrol with chemical control according to local farmers’ practice, across the ‘full cascade’ from natural enemy and pest abundance to crop injury, yield loss, yield and economic performance. This two‐year study was conducted in 20 rice fields embedded in a gradient of landscapes from crop‐dominated to semi‐natural habitat‐dominated, in subtropical China, the world's largest rice producing region.Natural enemies suppressed brown planthopper population growth in unsprayed plots, irrespective of landscape composition. However, crop injury was lower in pesticide treated plots than in unsprayed plots, and yields in sprayed plots were 20{\%} higher than in unsprayed plots. Nevertheless, pesticide applications were only profitable in less than half of the cases when only costs for pesticides were considered, and in less than one third of the cases when costs for pesticides and labour were considered.Synthesis and applications. Our findings question the cost‐effectiveness of current chemical‐based pest management in farming, and highlight opportunities for more ecologically based pest management strategies based on the widespread activity of natural enemies. Pest damage and biocontrol, however, are largely independent from the landscape context, which might be due to the small‐scale character of Chinese rice landscapes. To maintain high levels of biocontrol, conserving this small‐scale character appears more important than increasing the proportion of semi‐natural habitat",
author = "Yi Zou and {De Kraker}, Joop and Bianchi, {Felix J.J.A.} and Haijun Xiao and Jikun Huang and Xiangzheng Deng and Lingling Hou and {Van Der Werf}, Wopke",
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Do diverse landscapes provide for effective natural pest control in subtropical rice? / Zou, Yi; De Kraker, Joop; Bianchi, Felix J.J.A.; Xiao, Haijun; Huang, Jikun; Deng, Xiangzheng; Hou, Lingling; Van Der Werf, Wopke.

In: Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 57, No. 1, 01.2020, p. 170-180.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - De Kraker, Joop

AU - Bianchi, Felix J.J.A.

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AU - Deng, Xiangzheng

AU - Hou, Lingling

AU - Van Der Werf, Wopke

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AB - While the biocontrol potential of natural enemies is well established, it is largely unknown how landscape‐mediated effects on pest and natural enemy communities impact the cascade of biocontrol potential, crop injury, yield and profit, taking into account crop management and surrounding landscape composition.We compared natural biocontrol with chemical control according to local farmers’ practice, across the ‘full cascade’ from natural enemy and pest abundance to crop injury, yield loss, yield and economic performance. This two‐year study was conducted in 20 rice fields embedded in a gradient of landscapes from crop‐dominated to semi‐natural habitat‐dominated, in subtropical China, the world's largest rice producing region.Natural enemies suppressed brown planthopper population growth in unsprayed plots, irrespective of landscape composition. However, crop injury was lower in pesticide treated plots than in unsprayed plots, and yields in sprayed plots were 20% higher than in unsprayed plots. Nevertheless, pesticide applications were only profitable in less than half of the cases when only costs for pesticides were considered, and in less than one third of the cases when costs for pesticides and labour were considered.Synthesis and applications. Our findings question the cost‐effectiveness of current chemical‐based pest management in farming, and highlight opportunities for more ecologically based pest management strategies based on the widespread activity of natural enemies. Pest damage and biocontrol, however, are largely independent from the landscape context, which might be due to the small‐scale character of Chinese rice landscapes. To maintain high levels of biocontrol, conserving this small‐scale character appears more important than increasing the proportion of semi‐natural habitat

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