Diversity and incidence of plant-parasitic nematodes in Belgian turf grass

B. Vandenbossche, N. Viaene, N. de Sutter, M. Maes, G. Karssen, W. Bert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eleven golf courses and eight football pitches, located in Belgium, were surveyed for plant-parasitic nematodes. This revealed a remarkably high diversity: 52 different species/taxa were identified morphologically, belonging to 23 genera and nine families. Among the most prevalent nematodes on both sports field types were Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus and Meloidogyne naasi (>85% and >45% of the analysed samples, respectively). Golf greens contained a higher density and diversity of cyst nematodes than football fields. Cyst nematode species included Punctodera punctata, Heterodera mani, H. ustinovi, H. bifenestra and H. hordecalis. Multivariate statistics of the first three species showed that they could be separated based on morphometrical characters of juveniles, but not on values based on the vulval pattern. Several detected species, e. g., Meloidogyne minor, are a potential source of infestation of agricultural fields. This study shows the importance of plant-parasitic nematodes in turf grass in temperate Europe. In addition, a comparison between two extraction methods revealed that significantly more nematodes were extracted with the zonal centrifuge than after 2 weeks extraction with the Baermann method, except for juveniles of Meloidogyne spp. and cyst-forming species.
LanguageEnglish
Pages245-256
JournalNematology
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

parasitic plant
golf courses
cyst nematodes
Meloidogyne
turf grasses
plant parasitic nematodes
Heterodera hordecalis
Punctodera
nematode
Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus
Meloidogyne naasi
Manis
Nematoda
grass
athletic fields
Heterodera
incidence
centrifuges
cyst
Belgium

Keywords

  • belonolaimus-longicaudatus
  • meloidogyne-minor
  • golf-courses
  • temperature
  • turfgrass
  • density
  • greens
  • hatch
  • eggs

Cite this

Vandenbossche, B., Viaene, N., de Sutter, N., Maes, M., Karssen, G., & Bert, W. (2011). Diversity and incidence of plant-parasitic nematodes in Belgian turf grass. Nematology, 13(2), 245-256. https://doi.org/10.1163/138855410X517084
Vandenbossche, B. ; Viaene, N. ; de Sutter, N. ; Maes, M. ; Karssen, G. ; Bert, W. / Diversity and incidence of plant-parasitic nematodes in Belgian turf grass. In: Nematology. 2011 ; Vol. 13, No. 2. pp. 245-256.
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abstract = "Eleven golf courses and eight football pitches, located in Belgium, were surveyed for plant-parasitic nematodes. This revealed a remarkably high diversity: 52 different species/taxa were identified morphologically, belonging to 23 genera and nine families. Among the most prevalent nematodes on both sports field types were Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus and Meloidogyne naasi (>85{\%} and >45{\%} of the analysed samples, respectively). Golf greens contained a higher density and diversity of cyst nematodes than football fields. Cyst nematode species included Punctodera punctata, Heterodera mani, H. ustinovi, H. bifenestra and H. hordecalis. Multivariate statistics of the first three species showed that they could be separated based on morphometrical characters of juveniles, but not on values based on the vulval pattern. Several detected species, e. g., Meloidogyne minor, are a potential source of infestation of agricultural fields. This study shows the importance of plant-parasitic nematodes in turf grass in temperate Europe. In addition, a comparison between two extraction methods revealed that significantly more nematodes were extracted with the zonal centrifuge than after 2 weeks extraction with the Baermann method, except for juveniles of Meloidogyne spp. and cyst-forming species.",
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Vandenbossche, B, Viaene, N, de Sutter, N, Maes, M, Karssen, G & Bert, W 2011, 'Diversity and incidence of plant-parasitic nematodes in Belgian turf grass', Nematology, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 245-256. https://doi.org/10.1163/138855410X517084

Diversity and incidence of plant-parasitic nematodes in Belgian turf grass. / Vandenbossche, B.; Viaene, N.; de Sutter, N.; Maes, M.; Karssen, G.; Bert, W.

In: Nematology, Vol. 13, No. 2, 2011, p. 245-256.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diversity and incidence of plant-parasitic nematodes in Belgian turf grass

AU - Vandenbossche, B.

AU - Viaene, N.

AU - de Sutter, N.

AU - Maes, M.

AU - Karssen, G.

AU - Bert, W.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Eleven golf courses and eight football pitches, located in Belgium, were surveyed for plant-parasitic nematodes. This revealed a remarkably high diversity: 52 different species/taxa were identified morphologically, belonging to 23 genera and nine families. Among the most prevalent nematodes on both sports field types were Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus and Meloidogyne naasi (>85% and >45% of the analysed samples, respectively). Golf greens contained a higher density and diversity of cyst nematodes than football fields. Cyst nematode species included Punctodera punctata, Heterodera mani, H. ustinovi, H. bifenestra and H. hordecalis. Multivariate statistics of the first three species showed that they could be separated based on morphometrical characters of juveniles, but not on values based on the vulval pattern. Several detected species, e. g., Meloidogyne minor, are a potential source of infestation of agricultural fields. This study shows the importance of plant-parasitic nematodes in turf grass in temperate Europe. In addition, a comparison between two extraction methods revealed that significantly more nematodes were extracted with the zonal centrifuge than after 2 weeks extraction with the Baermann method, except for juveniles of Meloidogyne spp. and cyst-forming species.

AB - Eleven golf courses and eight football pitches, located in Belgium, were surveyed for plant-parasitic nematodes. This revealed a remarkably high diversity: 52 different species/taxa were identified morphologically, belonging to 23 genera and nine families. Among the most prevalent nematodes on both sports field types were Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus and Meloidogyne naasi (>85% and >45% of the analysed samples, respectively). Golf greens contained a higher density and diversity of cyst nematodes than football fields. Cyst nematode species included Punctodera punctata, Heterodera mani, H. ustinovi, H. bifenestra and H. hordecalis. Multivariate statistics of the first three species showed that they could be separated based on morphometrical characters of juveniles, but not on values based on the vulval pattern. Several detected species, e. g., Meloidogyne minor, are a potential source of infestation of agricultural fields. This study shows the importance of plant-parasitic nematodes in turf grass in temperate Europe. In addition, a comparison between two extraction methods revealed that significantly more nematodes were extracted with the zonal centrifuge than after 2 weeks extraction with the Baermann method, except for juveniles of Meloidogyne spp. and cyst-forming species.

KW - belonolaimus-longicaudatus

KW - meloidogyne-minor

KW - golf-courses

KW - temperature

KW - turfgrass

KW - density

KW - greens

KW - hatch

KW - eggs

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DO - 10.1163/138855410X517084

M3 - Article

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SP - 245

EP - 256

JO - Nematology

T2 - Nematology

JF - Nematology

SN - 1388-5545

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ER -