Diverging affinity of tospovirus RNA silencing suppressor proteins, NSs, for various RNA duplex molecules

E. Schnettler, J.C. Hemmes, R. Huisman, R.W. Goldbach, M.W. Prins, R.J.M. Kormelink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tospovirus NSs protein was previously shown to suppress the antiviral RNA silencing mechanism in plants. Here the biochemical analysis of NSs proteins from different tospoviruses, using purified NSs or NSs containing cell extracts, is described. The results showed that all tospoviral NSs proteins analyzed exhibited affinity to small double-stranded RNA molecules, i.e., small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and micro-RNA (miRNA)/miRNA* duplexes. Interestingly, the NSs proteins from tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV), and groundnut ringspot virus (GRSV) also showed affinity to long double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), whereas tomato yellow ring virus (TYRV) NSs did not. The TSWV NSs protein was shown to be capable of inhibiting Dicer-mediated cleavage of long dsRNA in vitro. In addition, it suppressed the accumulation of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-specific siRNAs during coinfiltration with an inverted-repeat-GFP RNA construct in Nicotiana benthamiana. In vivo interference of TSWV NSs in the miRNA pathway was shown by suppression of an enhanced GFP (eGFP) miRNA sensor construct. The ability to stabilize miRNA/miRNA* by different tospovirus NSs proteins in vivo was demonstrated by increased accumulation and detection of both miRNA171c and miRNA171c* in tospovirus-infected N. benthamiana. All together, these data suggest that tospoviruses interfere in the RNA silencing pathway by sequestering siRNA and miRNA/miRNA* molecules before they are uploaded into their respective RNA-induced silencing complexes. The observed affinity to long dsRNA for only a subset of the tospoviruses studied is discussed in light of evolutional divergence and their ancestral relation to the animal-infecting members of the Bunyaviridae
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11542-11554
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume84
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • spotted-wilt-virus
  • double-stranded-rna
  • antiviral immunity
  • interfering rna
  • drosophila-melanogaster
  • viral suppressors
  • in-vivo
  • gene
  • plant
  • cells

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