Distribution of marine mammals in the North Sea for the generic appropriate assessment of future offshore wind farms

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

The Dutch government has formulated the ambition to increase the generation of renewable energy, among others by increased exploitation of offshore wind farms in the North Sea. To compose the generic appropriate assessment, Deltares has asked IMARES to provide an overview of the current knowledge on the spatial and temporal use of the North Sea by marine mammals that are protected under the Habitat Directive Annex II: common seal (Phoca vitulina), grey seal (Halichoerus grypus), harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena), bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) . In addition, white beaked dolphin (Lagenorhynchus albirostris) and minke whale (Baleanoptera acutorostrata) are treated (Annex IV).
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationTexel
PublisherIMARES
Number of pages59
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Publication series

NameReport / Wageningen Imares
PublisherIMARES
No.C046/08

Keywords

  • mammals
  • aquatic animals
  • marine areas
  • windmills
  • adverse effects

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