Distribution maps of vegetation alliances in Europe

Zdenka Preislerová, Borja Jiménez-Alfaro, Ladislav Mucina, Christian Berg, Gianmaria Bonari, Anna Kuzemko, Flavia Landucci, Corrado Marcenò, Tiago Monteiro-Henriques, Pavel Novák, Denys Vynokurov, Erwin Bergmeier, Jürgen Dengler, Iva Apostolova, Frederic Bioret, Idoia Biurrun, Juan Antonio Campos, Jorge Capelo, Andraž Čarni, Süleyman ÇobanJános Csiky, Mirjana Ćuk, Renata Ćušterevska, Fred J.A. Daniëls, Michele De Sanctis, Yakiv Didukh, Daniel Dítě, Giuliano Fanelli, Yaroslav Golovanov, Valentin Golub, Riccardo Guarino, Michal Hájek, Dmytro Iakushenko, Adrian Indreica, Florian Jansen, Anni Jašková, Martin Jiroušek, Veronika Kalníková, Ali Kavgacı, Ilya Kucherov, Filip Küzmič, Maria Lebedeva, Javier Loidi, Zdeňka Lososová, Tatiana Lysenko, Đorđije Milanović, Viktor Onyshchenko, Gwenhael Perrin, Tomáš Peterka, Valerijus Rašomavičius, María Pilar Rodríguez-Rojo, John S. Rodwell, Solvita Rūsiņa, Daniel Sánchez-Mata, Joop H.J. Schaminée, Yuri Semenishchenkov, Nikolay Shevchenko, Jozef Šibík, Željko Škvorc, Viktor Smagin, Danijela Stešević, Vladimir Stupar, Kateřina Šumberová, Jean Paul Theurillat, Elena Tikhonova, Rossen Tzonev, Milan Valachovič, Kiril Vassilev, Wolfgang Willner, Sergey Yamalov, Martin Večeřa, Milan Chytrý*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: The first comprehensive checklist of European phytosociological alliances, orders and classes (EuroVegChecklist) was published by Mucina et al. (2016, Applied Vegetation Science, 19 (Suppl. 1), 3–264). However, this checklist did not contain detailed information on the distribution of individual vegetation types. Here we provide the first maps of all alliances in Europe. Location: Europe, Greenland, Canary Islands, Madeira, Azores, Cyprus and the Caucasus countries. Methods: We collected data on the occurrence of phytosociological alliances in European countries and regions from literature and vegetation-plot databases. We interpreted and complemented these data using the expert knowledge of an international team of vegetation scientists and matched all the previously reported alliance names and concepts with those of the EuroVegChecklist. We then mapped the occurrence of the EuroVegChecklist alliances in 82 territorial units corresponding to countries, large islands, archipelagos and peninsulas. We subdivided the mainland parts of large or biogeographically heterogeneous countries based on the European biogeographical regions. Specialized alliances of coastal habitats were mapped only for the coastal section of each territorial unit. Results: Distribution maps were prepared for 1,105 alliances of vascular-plant dominated vegetation reported in the EuroVegChecklist. For each territorial unit, three levels of occurrence probability were plotted on the maps: (a) verified occurrence; (b) uncertain occurrence; and (c) absence. The maps of individual alliances were complemented by summary maps of the number of alliances and the alliance–area relationship. Distribution data are also provided in a spreadsheet. Conclusions: The new map series represents the first attempt to characterize the distribution of all vegetation types at the alliance level across Europe. There are still many knowledge gaps, partly due to a lack of data for some regions and partly due to uncertainties in the definition of some alliances. The maps presented here provide a basis for future research aimed at filling these gaps.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12642
JournalApplied Vegetation Science
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • alliance
  • distribution
  • Europe
  • EuroVegChecklist
  • map
  • phytosociology
  • syntaxon
  • vegetation survey
  • vegetation type

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