Distinct species exist within the Cercospora apii morphotype

M. Groenewald, J.Z. Groenewald, P.W. Crous

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64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The genus Cercospora is one of the largest genera of hyphomycetes. Cercospora apii sensu lato is the oldest name for a large complex of morphologically indistinguishable Cercospora spp. occurring on a wide host range. There are currently 659 recognized Cercospora spp., and names of another 281 morphologically identical species are included in the synonymy of C. apii sensu lato. Two of the species that belong to the C. apii complex, C. apii and C. beticola, cause Cercospora leaf spot on Apium graveolens (celery) and Beta vulgaris (sugar beet), respectively. In the present study, multilocus sequence data, amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis, and cultural characteristics were used as additional features to characterize morphologically similar Cercospora strains occurring on celery and sugar beet. From the data obtained, it is shown that C. apii and C. beticola, although morphologically similar and able to cross-infect each others¿ hosts, are distinct functional species that should be retained as separate entities. Furthermore, a third, as yet undescribed species of Cercospora was detected in celery fields in Korea and Venezuela, suggesting that additional undescribed species also may be found to cause Cercospora leaf spot on celery. A polymerase chain reaction-based diagnostic protocol distinguishes all three Cercospora spp.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)951-959
JournalPhytopathology
Volume95
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • phylogenetic analysis
  • beticola resistant
  • rdna sequence
  • spot disease
  • leaf-spot
  • fungicides
  • speciation
  • anamorphs
  • strains
  • dna

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