Dissimilar response of plant and soil biota communities to long-term nutrient adition in grasslands

A. van der Wal, R.H.E.M. Geerts, H. Korevaar, A.J. Schouten, G.A.J.M. Jagers op Akkerhuis, M. Rutgers, C. Mulder

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    32 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The long-term effect of fertilizers on plant diversity and productivity is well known, but long-term effects on soil biota communities have received relatively little attention. Here, we used an exceptional long-lasting (>40 years) grassland fertilization experiment to investigate the long-term effect of Ca, N, PK, and NPK addition on the productivity and diversity of both vegetation and soil biota. Whereas plant diversity increased by liming and decreased by N and NPK, the diversity of nematodes, collembolans, mites, and enchytraeids increased by N, PK, or NPK. Fertilization with NPK and PK increased plant biomass and biomass of enchytraeids and collembolans. Biomass of nematodes and earthworms increased by liming. Our results suggest that soil diversity might be driven by plant productivity rather than by plant diversity. This may imply that the selection of measures for restoring or conserving plant diversity may decrease soil biota diversity. This needs to be tested in future experiments
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)663-667
    JournalBiology and Fertility of Soils
    Volume45
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Fingerprint

    Biota
    soil biota
    plant response
    Soil
    grasslands
    grassland
    Food
    nutrient
    nutrients
    long term effects
    Biomass
    liming
    Collembola
    Fertilization
    productivity
    nematode
    Nematoda
    biomass
    Oligochaeta
    earthworms

    Keywords

    • nitrogen enrichment
    • animal diversity
    • stoichiometry
    • invertebrates
    • biodiversity
    • biomass
    • litter

    Cite this

    van der Wal, A. ; Geerts, R.H.E.M. ; Korevaar, H. ; Schouten, A.J. ; Jagers op Akkerhuis, G.A.J.M. ; Rutgers, M. ; Mulder, C. / Dissimilar response of plant and soil biota communities to long-term nutrient adition in grasslands. In: Biology and Fertility of Soils. 2009 ; Vol. 45, No. 6. pp. 663-667.
    @article{d4549fb19d204bcfb50dff432e147326,
    title = "Dissimilar response of plant and soil biota communities to long-term nutrient adition in grasslands",
    abstract = "The long-term effect of fertilizers on plant diversity and productivity is well known, but long-term effects on soil biota communities have received relatively little attention. Here, we used an exceptional long-lasting (>40 years) grassland fertilization experiment to investigate the long-term effect of Ca, N, PK, and NPK addition on the productivity and diversity of both vegetation and soil biota. Whereas plant diversity increased by liming and decreased by N and NPK, the diversity of nematodes, collembolans, mites, and enchytraeids increased by N, PK, or NPK. Fertilization with NPK and PK increased plant biomass and biomass of enchytraeids and collembolans. Biomass of nematodes and earthworms increased by liming. Our results suggest that soil diversity might be driven by plant productivity rather than by plant diversity. This may imply that the selection of measures for restoring or conserving plant diversity may decrease soil biota diversity. This needs to be tested in future experiments",
    keywords = "nitrogen enrichment, animal diversity, stoichiometry, invertebrates, biodiversity, biomass, litter",
    author = "{van der Wal}, A. and R.H.E.M. Geerts and H. Korevaar and A.J. Schouten and {Jagers op Akkerhuis}, G.A.J.M. and M. Rutgers and C. Mulder",
    year = "2009",
    doi = "10.1007/s00374-009-0371-1",
    language = "English",
    volume = "45",
    pages = "663--667",
    journal = "Biology and Fertility of Soils",
    issn = "0178-2762",
    publisher = "Springer Verlag",
    number = "6",

    }

    Dissimilar response of plant and soil biota communities to long-term nutrient adition in grasslands. / van der Wal, A.; Geerts, R.H.E.M.; Korevaar, H.; Schouten, A.J.; Jagers op Akkerhuis, G.A.J.M.; Rutgers, M.; Mulder, C.

    In: Biology and Fertility of Soils, Vol. 45, No. 6, 2009, p. 663-667.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Dissimilar response of plant and soil biota communities to long-term nutrient adition in grasslands

    AU - van der Wal, A.

    AU - Geerts, R.H.E.M.

    AU - Korevaar, H.

    AU - Schouten, A.J.

    AU - Jagers op Akkerhuis, G.A.J.M.

    AU - Rutgers, M.

    AU - Mulder, C.

    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - The long-term effect of fertilizers on plant diversity and productivity is well known, but long-term effects on soil biota communities have received relatively little attention. Here, we used an exceptional long-lasting (>40 years) grassland fertilization experiment to investigate the long-term effect of Ca, N, PK, and NPK addition on the productivity and diversity of both vegetation and soil biota. Whereas plant diversity increased by liming and decreased by N and NPK, the diversity of nematodes, collembolans, mites, and enchytraeids increased by N, PK, or NPK. Fertilization with NPK and PK increased plant biomass and biomass of enchytraeids and collembolans. Biomass of nematodes and earthworms increased by liming. Our results suggest that soil diversity might be driven by plant productivity rather than by plant diversity. This may imply that the selection of measures for restoring or conserving plant diversity may decrease soil biota diversity. This needs to be tested in future experiments

    AB - The long-term effect of fertilizers on plant diversity and productivity is well known, but long-term effects on soil biota communities have received relatively little attention. Here, we used an exceptional long-lasting (>40 years) grassland fertilization experiment to investigate the long-term effect of Ca, N, PK, and NPK addition on the productivity and diversity of both vegetation and soil biota. Whereas plant diversity increased by liming and decreased by N and NPK, the diversity of nematodes, collembolans, mites, and enchytraeids increased by N, PK, or NPK. Fertilization with NPK and PK increased plant biomass and biomass of enchytraeids and collembolans. Biomass of nematodes and earthworms increased by liming. Our results suggest that soil diversity might be driven by plant productivity rather than by plant diversity. This may imply that the selection of measures for restoring or conserving plant diversity may decrease soil biota diversity. This needs to be tested in future experiments

    KW - nitrogen enrichment

    KW - animal diversity

    KW - stoichiometry

    KW - invertebrates

    KW - biodiversity

    KW - biomass

    KW - litter

    U2 - 10.1007/s00374-009-0371-1

    DO - 10.1007/s00374-009-0371-1

    M3 - Article

    VL - 45

    SP - 663

    EP - 667

    JO - Biology and Fertility of Soils

    JF - Biology and Fertility of Soils

    SN - 0178-2762

    IS - 6

    ER -