Disentangling two non-photochemical quenching processes in Cyclotella meneghiniana by spectrally-resolved picosecond fluorescence at 77 K

V. Chukhutsina, C. Buchel, H. van Amerongen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diatoms, which are primary producers in the oceans, can rapidly switch on/off efficient photoprotection to respond to fast light-intensity changes in moving waters. The corresponding thermal dissipation of excess-absorbed-light energy can be observed as non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) of chlorophyll a fluorescence. Fluorescence-induction measurements on Cyclotella meneghiniana diatoms show two NPQ processes: qE1 relaxes rapidly in the dark while qE2 remains present upon switching to darkness and is related to the presence of the xanthophyll-cycle pigment diatoxanthin (Dtx). We performed picosecond fluorescence measurements on cells locked in different (quenching) states, revealing the following sequence of events during full development of NPQ. At first, trimers of light-harvesting complexes (fucoxanthin–chlorophyll a/c proteins), or FCPa, become quenched, while being part of photosystem II (PSII), due to the induced pH gradient across the thylakoid membrane. This is followed by (partial) detachment of FCPa from PSII after which quenching persists. The pH gradient also causes the formation of Dtx which leads to further quenching of isolated PSII cores and some aggregated FCPa. In subsequent darkness, the pH gradient disappears but Dtx remains present and quenching partly pertains. Only in the presence of some light the system completely recovers to the unquenched state.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)899-907
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta. B, Bioenergetics
Volume1837
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • fucoxanthin-chlorophyll-proteins
  • excitation-energy transfer
  • diatom phaeodactylum-tricornutum
  • light-harvesting complexes
  • marine centric diatom
  • photosystem-ii antenna
  • streak-camera system
  • higher-plants
  • spectroscopic properties
  • diadinoxanthin cycle

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