Alternaria blight is an important foliage disease caused by Alternaria solani. The enzyme Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) is a potential drug target because of its role in tricarboxylic acid cycle. Hence targeting Alternaria solani SDH enzyme could be efficient tool to design novel fungicides against A. solani. We employed computational methodologies to design new SDH inhibitors using homology modeling; pharmacophore modeling and structure based virtual screening. The three dimensional SDH model showed good stereo-chemical and structural properties. Based on virtual screening results twelve commercially available compounds were purchased and tested in vitro and in vivo. The compounds were found to inhibit mycelial growth of A. solani. Moreover in vitro trials showed that inhibitory effects were enhanced with increase in concentrations. Similarly increased disease control was observed in pre-treated potato tubers. Hence the applied in silico strategy led us to identify novel fungicides.
- Alternaria solani
- Docking and virtual screening
- Homology modeling
- Pharmacophore modeling
- Succinate dehydrogenase
Iftikhar, S., Shahid, A. A., Halim, S. A., Wolters, P. J., Vleeshouwers, V. G. A. A., Khan, A., Al-Harrasi, A., & Ahmad, S. (2017). Discovering novel Alternaria solani succinate dehydrogenase inhibitors by in silico modeling and virtual screening strategies to combat early blight. Frontiers in Chemistry, 5, . https://doi.org/10.3389/fchem.2017.00100