Dipeptide synthesis in near-anhydrous organic media: Long-term stability and reusability of immobilized Alcalase

P. Vossenberg, H.H. Beeftink, T. Nuijens, P.J.L.M. Quaedflieg, M.A. Cohen Stuart, J. Tramper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The long-term stability and re-use of Alcalase covalently immobilized onto macroporous acrylic beads (Cov) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) were investigated. Cov can be used to synthesize dipeptides under near-anhydrous conditions in THF. Cov was incubated with and without molecular sieves (beads or powder) in THF, in order to investigate whether its stability is affected by the presence of molecular sieves. After different incubation periods, the enzyme activity was determined in an aqueous environment. In addition, Cov was repeatedly recycled to examine its reusability. Without molecular sieve beads, Cov hardly inactivated in THF. With molecular sieve beads, Cov lost activity over time. Incubated Cov samples were rotated on a blood rotator, entailing mechanical forces between Cov and the molecular sieve beads. Mechanical damage of Cov by the molecular sieve beads was found to be the main reason for the instability of Cov. During reuse, intermediate rehydration of Cov also caused a small but significant activity loss.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-27
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis. B, Enzymatic
Volume93
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • high initial activity
  • enzymatic esterification
  • subtilisin carlsberg
  • peptide-synthesis
  • shear
  • solvents
  • enzymes
  • deactivation
  • kinetics
  • water

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