Digestibility, faeces recovery, and related carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus balances of five feed ingredients evaluated as fishmeal alternatives in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L.

O. Schneider, A.K. Amirkolaie, J. Vera-Cartas, E.H. Eding, J.W. Schrama, J.A.J. Verreth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study shows that alternatives for fishmeal in a fish diet affect not only fish growth but also faeces stability and nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) waste production. Wheat gluten diet (WGD), soybean meal extract diet (SBE), soybean meal diet (SBM), duckweed diet (DWD) and single-cell protein diet (SCP) were evaluated as a fishmeal replacement on a 15% weight weight(-1) basis in tilapia diets. Fishmeal replacement affected dry matter (dm), protein, ash and P digestibility significantly. Faeces recovery (6.8-11.2%) was not significantly affected, although the amount of non-recovered faeces and total faeces showed significant differences. Duckweed diet and SCP resulted in the largest amounts of non-recovered and total faeces (199-210, 224-225 g dm kg(-1) feed dm). Compared with fishmeal diet (FMD), the WGD and SBE resulted in similar growth, but higher non-faecal N losses (471-495 vs. 416 g N kg(-1) N). Soybean meal diet, DWD and SCP resulted in lower growth but less non-faecal loss (409-450 g N kg(-1) N). The DWD and FMD had the highest N retention (480 g N kg(-1) N) compared with the other diets (431-451 g N kg(-1) N). Carbon retention, faecal and non-faecal losses and P retention were similar for all diets (302-358, 142-176 and 489-523g C kg(-1) C, 606-704 g P kg(-1) P). Phosphorus faecal loss was lower for all diets (329-381 g P kg(-1) P) than for the FMD (401 g P kg(-1) P).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1370-1379
JournalAquaculture Research
Volume35
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • trout oncorhynchus-mykiss
  • rainbow-trout
  • soybean-meal
  • apparent digestibility
  • protein digestibility
  • dietary-protein
  • atlantic salmon
  • practical diets
  • african catfish
  • growth

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Digestibility, faeces recovery, and related carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus balances of five feed ingredients evaluated as fishmeal alternatives in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this