Digesta viscosity, nutrient digestibility and organ weights in African catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fed diets supplemented with different levels of a soluble non-starch polysaccharide

J.I. Leenhouwers, D. Adjei-Boateng, J.A.J. Verreth, J.W. Schrama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to investigate if dietary soluble non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) increase digesta viscosity, reduce nutrient digestibility and increase organ weights in African catfish. The fish (mean weight 80 g) were fed diets supplemented with the soluble NSP guar gum at three levels, 0 g kg1 (GG0), 40 g kg1 (GG4) and 80 g kg1 (GG8). Guar gum inclusion significantly increased digesta viscosity in the proximal (GG0: 1.7 centipoise or cP; GG4: 84.9 cP; GG8: 98.3 cP) and distal (GG0: 1.9 cP; GG4: 109.8 cP; GG8: 66.4 cP) intestine. Apparent digestibility coefficients (ADC) were significantly lower for the GG8 diet than the GG0 diet (dry matter: 52% versus 69%; protein: 77% versus 90%; ash: 41% versus 54%; energy: 60% versus 77%). The ADC of dry matter and energy were significantly lower for the GG4 diet than the GG0 diet. The relative growth rate of metabolic weight (14.5¿15.4 g kg0.8 day1) and feed conversion ratio (0.8) did not differ between diets. Fish fed the GG8 diet had a significantly higher somatic stomach index than GG0 fish (0.71% versus 0.65% body weight). The intestinal somatic index tended to increase with increasing guar gum supplementation (GG0: 1.08%; GG4: 1.23%; GG8: 1.59%). In conclusion, high digesta viscosities in the guar gum fed fish may explain the observed reduced nutrient digestibilities and increases in digestive organ weights
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-116
JournalAquaculture Nutrition
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • sesbania-aculeata seeds
  • broiler-chickens
  • intestinal development
  • oreochromis-niloticus
  • growth
  • tilapia
  • fish
  • carboxymethylcellulose

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