Susceptible interactions of 'Early Sam' carnations with races 1,2,4, and 8 of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. dianthi differed in pathogenesis, both after stem and after root inoculation. Race 1 induced pallescence and withering of leaves. Affected vascular tissue had a uniform pallid to pale brown colour; though heavily colonized, it was not or virtually not degraded. Defence reactions developed only slowly. Race 2 induced yellowing, of the midribs in particular, and withering of leaves. Affected vascular tissue was white with dark brown margins. Colonized tissue was degraded to leave vascular cavities. At lower heights of colonization, many defence reactions developed, which sometimes resulted in localization of the pathogen. Race 4 induced a similar pathogenesis as race 2, except for less intensive defence reactions. Race 8 induced midrib lesions on, and pallescence, withering and necrosis of leaves. Affected vascular tissue had a uniform light brown colour. Degradation of colonized vascular tissues was rare; instead, many defence reactions were observed, even at high heights in the plants. Races 1, 2 and 4 of F. oxysporum f. sp. dianthi did not induce disease symptoms in 'Novada' carnations, known to be highly resistant to race 2. Stem-inoculated plants localized the infection close to the inoculation site; stems of root-inoculated plants remained unaffected. The localization response also occurred in 'Early Sam' and 'Novada' carnations stem-inoculated with F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici.
- Dianthus caryophyllus L.
- Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici