Differences between two strains of Ceriporiopsis subvermispora on improving the nutritive value of wheat straw for ruminants

N. Nayan*, A.S.M. Sonnenberg, W.H. Hendriks, J.W. Cone

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: This study evaluated differences between two strains of Ceriporiopsis subvermispora on improving the nutritive value and in vitro degradability of wheat straw. Methods and Results: Wheat straw was treated with the fungi for 7 weeks. Weekly samples were analysed for ergosterol content, in vitro gas production (IVGP), chemical composition and lignin-degrading enzyme activity. Ergosterol data showed CS1 to have a faster initial growth than CS2 and reaching a stationary phase after 3 weeks. The IVGP of CS1-treated wheat straw exceeded the control earlier than CS2 (4 vs 5 weeks). CS1 showed a significantly higher (P < 0·001) selectivity in lignin degradation compared to CS2. Both strains showed peak activity of laccase and manganese peroxidase (MnP) at week 1. CS1 showed a significantly higher (P < 0·001) laccase activity, but lower (P = 0·008) MnP activity compared to CS2. Conclusion: Both CS strains improved the nutritive value of wheat straw. Variation between strains was clearly demonstrated by their growth pattern and enzyme activities. Significance and Impact of the Study: The differences among the two strains provide an opportunity for future selection and breeding programs in improving the extent and selectivity of lignin degradation in agricultural biomass.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)352-361
JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
Volume123
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Ceriporiopsis subvermispora
  • Enzymes
  • in vitro gas production
  • Lignin degradation
  • Ruminants
  • Strains differences
  • Wheat straw

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