Dietary diversity as an indicator of micronutrient adequacy of the diet of 5-8 year old Indian rural children

V.R. Rani, D. Arends, I.D. Brouwer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose – Measures of dietary diversity are relatively simple and associated with nutrient adequacy and nutritional status. The aim of this study is to validate dietary diversity score (DDS) as an indicator of nutrient adequacy of diet of Indian rural children aged five to eight years. Design/methodology/approach – A cross-sectional survey among 232 children (five to eight years) was conducted using a 24?h recall. Food variety score (FVS) and DDSs were calculated. Probability of adequacies of vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, iron and zinc, and mean probability of adequacy was used to assess nutrient adequacy. To determine associations between dietary diversity and nutrient adequacy, nutrient adequacy and socio-economic status (SES), partial rank correlations were conducted. Findings – Vitamin C and iron had the lowest probability of adequacy (PA) while vitamin A and zinc had the highest PA. Mean probability of adequate micronutrient intake (MPA) across five micronutrients was 40 percent. Mean DDS was 6.5 and mean FVS was 12.2. DDS was significantly correlated (p?
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-476
JournalNutrition & Food Science
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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