Dietary determinants of obesity

D.U. Huaidong, E.J.M. Feskens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Obesity has become a serious public health problem worldwide, and dietary composition can play a role in its prevention and treatment. However, available literature on the impacts of different dietary factors on weight change is inconsistent, or even conflicting. In this review, we briefly summarized the mechanisms and influences of several major dietary determinants of weight change, with a focus on their potential in the prevention of weight gain or regain. We discussed the intake of fat, protein, total carbohydrates, fruits and vegetables, fibre, free sugars, fructose and sugar sweetened beverages, dietary energy density, portion size, eating outside home, glycaemic index and glycaemic load. Popular weight loss diets, including the Atkins diet, Weight Watchers, Ornish diet and Zone diet, are also briefly discussed for their safety and efficacy in the maintenance of weight loss.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-386
Number of pages10
JournalActa Cardiologica
Volume65
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • weight-loss diets
  • low-carbohydrate diets
  • disease risk-factors
  • middle-aged women
  • body-weight
  • energy density
  • glycemic-index
  • randomized-trial
  • low-fat
  • heart-disease

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