Diet Deterioration and Food Retail Structure: Why Are Italians Eating Less Fruits and Vegetables

A. Bonanno, E. Castellari, P. Sckokay, F. Bimbo

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paperAcademic

Abstract

In spite of Italy presenting one of the largest consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) among EU Countries, the number of adult Italians consuming the recommended daily amounts of FV is declining, especially in the South of the country, were the expansion of the food retail industry has been lagging. In this article we assess whether the food retail structure affects the likelihood of adult Italians consuming five or more daily portions of FV, using 9 years of individual-level data on individuals’ lifestyle, including eating habits and perceived access to supermarkets, matched with detailed regional data on the food retail structure. In our analysis we use a Two-Step Instrumental Variable Probit estimator and variables indicating the political climate of the different regions to correct for the potential endogeneity of geographic disparity in retail structures. Results show that increased access and availability of fruits and vegetables affect positively the probability of consuming the daily-recommended amounts of FV. Food retail structure’s effect appears less marked for individuals declaring hurdles in accessing supermarkets. While individuals’ characteristics play an important role in explaining FV consumption probability among individuals declaring no hurdles in accessing supermarkets, transportation and perceived economic conditions are some of the main determinants for individuals declaring access hurdles.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventASSA Annual Meeting - Boston, United States
Duration: 3 Jan 20155 Jan 2015

Conference

ConferenceASSA Annual Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period3/01/155/01/15

Fingerprint

food retailing
supermarkets
vegetables
deterioration
ingestion
fruits
vegetable consumption
fruit consumption
diet
eating habits
lifestyle
Italy
industry
climate
economics

Keywords

  • Fruits and vegetables consumption

Cite this

Bonanno, A., Castellari, E., Sckokay, P., & Bimbo, F. (2015). Diet Deterioration and Food Retail Structure: Why Are Italians Eating Less Fruits and Vegetables. Paper presented at ASSA Annual Meeting, Boston, United States.
Bonanno, A. ; Castellari, E. ; Sckokay, P. ; Bimbo, F. / Diet Deterioration and Food Retail Structure: Why Are Italians Eating Less Fruits and Vegetables. Paper presented at ASSA Annual Meeting, Boston, United States.
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Bonanno, A, Castellari, E, Sckokay, P & Bimbo, F 2015, 'Diet Deterioration and Food Retail Structure: Why Are Italians Eating Less Fruits and Vegetables' Paper presented at ASSA Annual Meeting, Boston, United States, 3/01/15 - 5/01/15, .

Diet Deterioration and Food Retail Structure: Why Are Italians Eating Less Fruits and Vegetables. / Bonanno, A.; Castellari, E.; Sckokay, P.; Bimbo, F.

2015. Paper presented at ASSA Annual Meeting, Boston, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paperAcademic

TY - CONF

T1 - Diet Deterioration and Food Retail Structure: Why Are Italians Eating Less Fruits and Vegetables

AU - Bonanno, A.

AU - Castellari, E.

AU - Sckokay, P.

AU - Bimbo, F.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - In spite of Italy presenting one of the largest consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) among EU Countries, the number of adult Italians consuming the recommended daily amounts of FV is declining, especially in the South of the country, were the expansion of the food retail industry has been lagging. In this article we assess whether the food retail structure affects the likelihood of adult Italians consuming five or more daily portions of FV, using 9 years of individual-level data on individuals’ lifestyle, including eating habits and perceived access to supermarkets, matched with detailed regional data on the food retail structure. In our analysis we use a Two-Step Instrumental Variable Probit estimator and variables indicating the political climate of the different regions to correct for the potential endogeneity of geographic disparity in retail structures. Results show that increased access and availability of fruits and vegetables affect positively the probability of consuming the daily-recommended amounts of FV. Food retail structure’s effect appears less marked for individuals declaring hurdles in accessing supermarkets. While individuals’ characteristics play an important role in explaining FV consumption probability among individuals declaring no hurdles in accessing supermarkets, transportation and perceived economic conditions are some of the main determinants for individuals declaring access hurdles.

AB - In spite of Italy presenting one of the largest consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) among EU Countries, the number of adult Italians consuming the recommended daily amounts of FV is declining, especially in the South of the country, were the expansion of the food retail industry has been lagging. In this article we assess whether the food retail structure affects the likelihood of adult Italians consuming five or more daily portions of FV, using 9 years of individual-level data on individuals’ lifestyle, including eating habits and perceived access to supermarkets, matched with detailed regional data on the food retail structure. In our analysis we use a Two-Step Instrumental Variable Probit estimator and variables indicating the political climate of the different regions to correct for the potential endogeneity of geographic disparity in retail structures. Results show that increased access and availability of fruits and vegetables affect positively the probability of consuming the daily-recommended amounts of FV. Food retail structure’s effect appears less marked for individuals declaring hurdles in accessing supermarkets. While individuals’ characteristics play an important role in explaining FV consumption probability among individuals declaring no hurdles in accessing supermarkets, transportation and perceived economic conditions are some of the main determinants for individuals declaring access hurdles.

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M3 - Conference paper

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Bonanno A, Castellari E, Sckokay P, Bimbo F. Diet Deterioration and Food Retail Structure: Why Are Italians Eating Less Fruits and Vegetables. 2015. Paper presented at ASSA Annual Meeting, Boston, United States.