Development of the instrument IMAQE-Food to measure effectiveness of quality management

M. van der Spiegel, P.A. Luning, G.W. Ziggers, W.M.F. Jongen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose - Manufacturers use several quality assurance systems to assure quality. However, their effectiveness cannot be assessed because an instrument does not exist. This article is based on a study that was set up to identify performance measurement indicators of an instrument that measures effectiveness of food quality systems, called IMAQE-Food. Design/methodology/approach - The instrument has been developed by translating a conceptual model in quantifiable performance measurement indicators. Literature research, qualitative research, Delphi sessions, and quantitative research were used. Findings - In total, 28 relevant and comprehensible indicators were obtained that measure performance of quality management, production quality and their influencing factors in the bakery sector. Originality/value - This paper will make a contribution to the body of knowledge in the field of food quality management by developing an instrument to measure effectiveness instead of compliance with norms and requirements or merely performance. This will support food manufacturers in deciding which system is most suitable to achieve their objectives. The developed procedure can be used for providing insight in determining the desired level of quality management, and for extending the instrument for other applications
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-255
JournalInternational Journal of Quality & Reliability Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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