Development of sustainable land management policies and practices in five selected countries from 1960 to 2010.

J. de Graaff, A. Aklilu, M. Ouessar, S. Asins-Velis, A. Kessler

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paperAcademicpeer-review


ABSTRACT Since the 1930s there has been worldwide concern about the effects of land degradation. After the problems experienced in the Dust Bowl in the USA, much attention was paid to soil and water conservation in both developed and developing countries. Initially Governments have stimulated the establishment of physical control measures, such as terraces and check dams, and reforestation. This was achieved through top-down regulations, and Forestry Departments were often in charge of the implementation. Subsequently the measures were implemented through more specialised agencies, and later with incentives, such as food aid. In some cases farmers were mobilised to work together on the establishment of the measures. Because of the low success rate of this top-down approach with line interventions, it was realised that a more participatory approach had to be followed. And the emphasis then shifted to area interventions such as cover crops, mulching and composting. In some countries voluntary ways of collaboration between farmers were developed. More recently Conservation Agriculture has been promoted, focusing on less soil disturbance, continuous land cover and crop rotations. This paper analyses whether and to what extent countries have followed such general trends in their soil and water conservation policies, since the 1990s often referred to as sustainable land management, or whether countries have also followed their own specific strategies. A historical (1960-2010) and comparative analysis of the development of these sustainable land management policies and practices is made in five selected countries (Indonesia, Ethiopia, Tunisia, Spain and Bolivia). Keywords: soil and water conservation, sustainable land management, policies, approaches, practices
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2012
EventThe 8th International Symposium Agro Environ 2012 - Wageningen
Duration: 1 May 20124 May 2012


ConferenceThe 8th International Symposium Agro Environ 2012


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